|Alternative Title||A study on the associations between leisure activity and mental healt|
|Place of Conferral||中国科学院心理研究所|
|Keyword||休闲 抑郁 适应不良 心理健康|
The present study surveyed the leisure activity of 6660 Chinese urban residents from 29 cities of 21 provinces, with average age of (37.7士21.3) years ranged from 18 to 55 years. We used leisure status questionnaire, Chinese Mental Health Inventory Scale (CMHI) and Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) to examine the associations between leisure activity and mental health. Factors explored included length of leisure time, varieties of leisure activities, and characteristics of different leisure activities. The main findings are as follows:
1、The average length of leisure tune was 11.84 hours per week for Chinese urban residents; the average typo of leisure activities was 3.65 some inappropriate leisure time spending and disbenefit structure of leisure activities were found in Chinese urban residents.
2、There are significant gender and age differences in length of leisure tune and varieties of leisure activity. The length of leisure time was shorter in middle-aged groups. The leisure activities of the older groups were more in lack of variety.
3、Moderate amount of leisure time was benefit for mental health, but spending too much time on leisure activities was usually accompanied by psychological problems such as depression and maladaptation.
4、The level of mental health was higher when individual engaged in more diverse types of leisure activitiese People who preferred physical exercise activities and accompany with others had a high level of mental health.
5、Not all the leisure activities were beneficial to mental health. Certain binds of popular leisure activities, such as “watching TV","playing poker","playing mahjong", had potential undesirable influence to individual's mental health.
6. Appropriate allocation of leisure time and choice of activities which are benefit to physical and mental health should be strongly advocated in order to improve the mental health of all residents.
|章婕. 我国城市居民休闲状况与心理健康的关系[D]. 中国科学院心理研究所. 中国科学院大学,2009.|
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