PSYCH OpenIR  > 健康与遗传心理学研究室
我国城市居民休闲状况与心理健康的关系
Alternative TitleA study on the associations between leisure activity and mental healt
章婕
Subtype硕士
Thesis Advisor陈祉妍
2009-12
Degree Grantor中国科学院大学
Place of Conferral中国科学院心理研究所
Degree Name硕士学位论文
Degree Discipline医学心理学
Keyword休闲 抑郁 适应不良 心理健康
Abstract

本研究采用问卷调查的方法对我国城市居民休闲生活状况进行了研究,利用《休闲状况问卷》、《中国心理健康量表》及《流调中心抑郁量表》探讨了休闲时间、休闲广度及休闲活动特征等因素与个体心理健康之间的关系。调查对象为全国21省29城市年龄在18-55岁的6660名居民,平均年龄34.9士9.9岁。

本研究主要结果如下:

1、我国城市居民平均每周休闲时间为11.84小时,参加的休闲活动形式平均为 3.65种,在休闲时间分配以及休闲活动结构优化上存在一定不合理现象,不利于个体心理健康。

2、不同年龄、性别群体在休闲时间和休闲广度上存在一定差异。值得引起重视的是中年群体休闲时间偏少、年龄越长者休闲形式越单一。

3、适度的休闲有利于提高心理健康水平,但是过长时间沉酒于休闲常伴随抑郁情绪增多,社会适应降低等心理问题,其不良影响是显著的。

4、从事休闲活动种类越多样的群体,心理健康水平越高。偏好有锻炼效果的运动类休闲活动、偏好与他人结伴进行休闲活动者心理健康水平较高。

5、并非所有的休闲活动都有益于心理健康发展,“看电视”、“打扑克”、“打麻将”等较为大众化的休闲方式,对心理健康具有潜在的不良影响。

6、为提升全民心理健康水平,应大力提倡合理分配休闲时间,开展有助心身 健康的休闲活动。

Other Abstract

The present study surveyed the leisure activity of 6660 Chinese urban residents from 29 cities of 21 provinces, with average age of (37.7士21.3) years ranged from 18 to 55 years. We used leisure status questionnaire, Chinese Mental Health Inventory Scale (CMHI) and Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) to examine the associations between leisure activity and mental health. Factors explored included length of leisure time, varieties of leisure activities, and characteristics of different leisure activities. The main findings are as follows:

1、The average length of leisure tune was 11.84 hours per week for Chinese urban residents; the average typo of leisure activities was 3.65 some inappropriate leisure time spending and disbenefit structure of leisure activities were found in Chinese urban residents.

2、There are significant gender and age differences in length of leisure tune and varieties of leisure activity. The length of leisure time was shorter in middle-aged groups. The leisure activities of the older groups were more in lack of variety.

3、Moderate amount of leisure time was benefit for mental health, but spending too much time on leisure activities was usually accompanied by psychological problems such as depression and maladaptation.

4、The level of mental health was higher when individual engaged in more diverse types of leisure activitiese People who preferred physical exercise activities and accompany with others had a high level of mental health.

5、Not all the leisure activities were beneficial to mental health. Certain binds of popular leisure activities, such as “watching TV","playing poker","playing mahjong", had potential undesirable influence to individual's mental health.

6. Appropriate allocation of leisure time and choice of activities which are benefit to physical and mental health should be strongly advocated in order to improve the mental health of all residents.

Pages65
Language中文
Document Type学位论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/29283
Collection健康与遗传心理学研究室
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
章婕. 我国城市居民休闲状况与心理健康的关系[D]. 中国科学院心理研究所. 中国科学院大学,2009.
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