|Alternative Title||The development of emotional conflict adaptation and its relations to fluid intelligence and emotional intelligence|
|Place of Conferral||中国科学院心理研究所|
|Keyword||情绪冲突适应 发展 流体智力 情绪智力 事件相关电位|
（3)智力超常儿童比智力普通儿童具有更卓越的情绪冲突适应的行为表现，而这种优势主要出现在情绪冲突的监测阶段(N2 )，未出现在情绪冲突的解决阶段(P3 )。任务类型和目标刺激的情绪类型均调节了情绪冲突适应上的智力差异。而且，不同智力水平儿童均表现出对于S-S情绪冲突适应和S-R情绪冲突适应的不同加工模式，且S-S情绪冲突适应能力显著好于S-R情绪冲突适应的。另外，我们发现超常儿童的情绪冲突适应能力主要受到情绪智力的影响，主要体现在情绪Stroop任务中的情绪冲突监测阶段(N2波幅)和情绪冲突解决阶段(late P3波幅)的神经活动效率上。
Emotional conflict adaptation is an important part of cognitive control, and it has the great significance to the development of children, adolescents and adults. Moreover, the developmental deficits of emotional conflict adaptation are closely related to autism spectrum disorders and generalized anxiety disorders. However, research on the development of emotional conflict adaptation is still very limited. Based on previous studies, in order to further explore the nature and mechanism of developmental emotional conflict adaptation, this study explored the neural mechanism of stimulus-stimulus (S一S) emotional conflict adaptation and stimulus-response (S一R)emotional conflict adaptation in children, adolescents and adults. Moreover, two influencing factors一一fluid intelligence and emotional intelligence were selected to explore the interaction of emotion and cognition in emotional conflict adaptation development, which aimed to better understand the nature of the development of emotional conflict adaptation.
In this study, children (mean age:10 years), adolescents (mean age: 13 years), and early adult (mean age: 22 years) were recruited as study subjects. Study 1 used S一S emotional conflict adaptation task (Emotional Stroop task) and S-R emotional conflict adaptation task (Emotional Simon task), and combined the event-related potential intelligence, and emotional conflict adaptation in children, adolescents, and adults from behavioral and EEG levels. Based on the results of Study 2, Study 3 introduced a special group of children with extraordinary intelligence. With its "magnifying glass effect", we further explored the relationship between fluid intelligence, emotional intelligence and emotional conflict adaptation in gifted children. The results of this study indicated that:
(1)Children, adolescents and young adults all presented reliable behavioral and electrophysiological emotional conflict adaptation effects, and participants exhibited improved performance on conflict adaptation with age across the three age groups in emotional contexts. Moreover, all the age groups showed distinct processing of S一S and S-R emotional conflict, and S一S conflict adaptation to emotional stimuli may mature earlier than S-R conflict. In addition, S-R emotional conflict adaptation task was more sensitive to the development of emotional conflict adaptation than the S一S emotional conflict adaptation task.
(2)Behaviorally, the roles of fluid intelligence and emotional intelligence on emotional conflict adaptation were different in children, adolescents and adults: children's emotional conflict adaptation was only related to emotional intelligence; adolescents' emotional conflict adaptation was only related to fluid intelligence; Fluid intelligence and emotional intelligence could collectively predict adults' emotional conflict adaptation. However, contrary to the behavioral results, EEG results showed that the emotional conflict adaptation of children, adolescents and adults emotional all significantly related to fluid intelligence and emotional intelligence. These EEG results were further supplements to the behavioral results, and they also proved that the ERP technique is a better and more sensitive way to evaluate the emotional conflict adaptation than the pure behavioral technology.
(3)Intellectually gifted children had behaviorally superior emotional conflict adaptation abilities than their average peers, and these superior emotional conflict adaptation abilities in gifted children were mainly related to the emotional conflict detection processes (N2), but were not related to the emotional conflict resolution processes (P3). Task type and expression valences could modulate the IQ differences during emotional conflict adaptation processes. Moreover, both intellectually gifted and average children showed better conflict adaptation performances and responses on emotional S一S conflicts than on emotional S-R conflicts. In addition, we found that the emotional conflict adaptation of gifted children was affected by emotional intelligence, which mainly reflected in neural activity efficiency of emotional conflict monitoring stage (N2 amplitude) and emotional conflict resolution stage (late P3 amplitude).
In summary, this study has obtained the new evidence on the development of emotional conflict adaptation among children, adolescents and early adults, and it hads enriched relevant theoretical research. The results on close relationship among fluid intelligence, emotional intelligence and emotional conflict adaptation not only help us to better understand the nature of emotional conflict adaptation, but also provide theoretical support to clinical intervention for emotional conflict adaptation in future.
|李丹枫. 情绪冲突适应的发展及其与流体智力、情绪智力的关系[D]. 中国科学院心理研究所. 中国科学院大学,2019.|
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