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Nonconformist tendencies related to risky choices in female methamphetamine abstainers
Wei, Shuguang1,2; Liu, Quanying3,4; Harrington, Michael4; Sun, Jinxiu5; Yu, Hao2,6; Hang, Jie7; Hao, Ming7; Wu, Haiyan2,8,9; Liu, Xun2,8
First AuthorShuguang Wei
2019-05-21
Source PublicationAMERICAN JOURNAL OF DRUG AND ALCOHOL ABUSE
Correspondent Emailhaiyan wu wuhy@psych.ac.cn ; ;xun liu liux@psych.ac.cn
ISSN0095-2990
Subtypearticle
Pages1-10
Abstract

Background: Many experimental studies and theoretical models have tried to explain the multifaceted formation of drug addiction. In most addiction models, social factors are an important component; however, few empirical studies have investigated the social influences on the safe or risky choices of drug-addicted individuals during the abstinence stage. Objectives: To investigate the behavioral patterns of female methamphetamine abstainers under social influence. Methods: Thirty-seven female methamphetamine abstainers (average abstinence time: 8.61 +/- 4.75 months) and 40 matched controls performed a gambling task in the presence of peers' choices. We applied both model-free and computational model-based analysis to examine how the decision patterns differed with social influence between the two groups. Results: 1) the choice data from the two groups showed a social influence effect such that participants made more risky choices when others made risky choices; 2) overall, the female methamphetamine abstainers made more risky choices in the social influence task; and 3) in the computational model parameters, the female methamphetamine abstainers exhibited more nonconforming attitudes (with negative other-conferred utility) with respect to peer influence, whereas controls showed higher conformity to peers. Conclusion: Our findings provide the first objective evidence that female methamphetamine abstainers show peer nonconformity. This nonconformist tendency may be a potential behavioral marker to track drug addiction and help to elucidate the mechanisms of decisions made by female methamphetamine abstainers.

KeywordMethamphetamine social conformity social influence decision making computational modeling addiction
DOI10.1080/00952990.2019.1608554
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Key R&D Program of China ; Philosophy and Social Sciences Project of Henan Province ; Outstanding Foundation on Humanities and Social Sciences of Young People in Universities of Hebei Education Department
Funding ProjectNational Key R&D Program of China[2016YFC0800901-Z03] ; Philosophy and Social Sciences Project of Henan Province[2018BJY014] ; Outstanding Foundation on Humanities and Social Sciences of Young People in Universities of Hebei Education Department[BJ2014101]
WOS Research AreaPsychology ; Substance Abuse
WOS SubjectPsychology, Clinical ; Substance Abuse
WOS IDWOS:000469099600001
PublisherTAYLOR & FRANCIS INC
WOS KeywordADOLESCENT CIGARETTE-SMOKING ; SEX-DIFFERENCES ; DECISION-MAKING ; DRUG-USE ; GENDER-DIFFERENCES ; SUBSTANCE USE ; NEUROBIOLOGY ; PERSONALITY ; IMPULSIVITY ; COCAINE
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/29368
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorWu, Haiyan
Affiliation1.Henan Normal Univ, Fac Educ, Xinxiang, Henan, Peoples R China
2.Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.CALTECH, Div Engn & Appl Sci, Pasadena, CA 91125 USA
4.Huntington Med Res Inst, Mol Neurol Program, Pasadena, CA USA
5.Jishou Univ, Dept Sports, Jishou, Peoples R China
6.Univeris Chinese Acad Sci, Sino Danish Coll, Beijing, Peoples R China
7.Hebei Female Drug Rehabil Ctr, Dept Educ, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, Peoples R China
8.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
9.CALTECH, Div Humanities & Social Sci, Pasadena, CA 91125 USA
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wei, Shuguang,Liu, Quanying,Harrington, Michael,et al. Nonconformist tendencies related to risky choices in female methamphetamine abstainers[J]. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF DRUG AND ALCOHOL ABUSE,2019:1-10.
APA Wei, Shuguang.,Liu, Quanying.,Harrington, Michael.,Sun, Jinxiu.,Yu, Hao.,...&Liu, Xun.(2019).Nonconformist tendencies related to risky choices in female methamphetamine abstainers.AMERICAN JOURNAL OF DRUG AND ALCOHOL ABUSE,1-10.
MLA Wei, Shuguang,et al."Nonconformist tendencies related to risky choices in female methamphetamine abstainers".AMERICAN JOURNAL OF DRUG AND ALCOHOL ABUSE (2019):1-10.
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