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Fitness-Dependent Effect of Acute Aerobic Exercise on Executive Function
Li, Lin1,2; Zhang, Shu3,4; Cui, Jie1,2; Chen, Li-Zhen3,4; Wang, Xiaoyan5; Fan, Mingxia6; Wei, Gao-Xia3
First AuthorLin Li
2019-07-10
Source PublicationFRONTIERS IN PHYSIOLOGY
Correspondent Emailgao-xia wei weigx@psych.ac.cn
ISSN1664-042X
Subtypearticle
Volume10Pages:11
Contribution Rank3
Abstract

Cognitive gains are reported to be induced by acute aerobic exercise, but the role of fitness in the effect of acute aerobic exercise on executive function remains unknown. Therefore, we aimed to examine the effect of fitness on acute exercise-induced changes in executive function from neural mechanism approach. Twenty-four female college students were assigned to high-fitness or low-fitness groups based on their cardiovascular fitness level, and then underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging while performing N-back tasks before and after 30 min of acute exercise. The behavioral results revealed significant interaction effects of group by time in the 0-back and 1-back tasks, but not in the 2-back task. The accuracy was significantly higher in the highfitness group than in the low-fitness group before exercise in the 1-back and 2-back tasks. At the neural level, significant interaction effects of group by time were observed in all tasks. The 0-back and 1-back tasks activated the right cerebellum while the 2-back task activated subcortical regions. Our findings suggest that fitness moderates the effect of aerobic exercise on cognitive function, and provide the first neural evidence to support the influence of fitness on exercise-induced cognitive performance.

Keywordfitness acute exercise neural correlates functional magnetic resonance imaging cognitive function
DOI10.3389/fphys.2019.00902
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; key projects of the school sports research projects of the Shanghai Municipal Education Commission ; CAS Key Laboratory of Behavioral Science, Institute of Psychology
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[31671163] ; key projects of the school sports research projects of the Shanghai Municipal Education Commission[HJTY-2017-A02] ; CAS Key Laboratory of Behavioral Science, Institute of Psychology
WOS Research AreaPhysiology
WOS SubjectPhysiology
WOS IDWOS:000474805100002
PublisherFRONTIERS MEDIA SA
WOS KeywordCOGNITIVE FUNCTION ; CARDIORESPIRATORY FITNESS ; CARDIOVASCULAR FITNESS ; OLDER-ADULTS ; BRAIN ; PERFORMANCE ; CEREBELLUM ; RISK
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/29508
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorWei, Gao-Xia
Affiliation1.East China Normal Univ, Key Lab Adolescent Hlth Assessment & Exercise Int, Minist Educ, Shanghai, Peoples R China
2.East China Normal Univ, Sch Phys Educ & Hlth Care, Shanghai, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Behav Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
5.Sichuan Normal Univ, Sch Teacher Educ & Psychol, Chengdu, Sichuan, Peoples R China
6.East China Normal Univ, Shanghai Key Lab Magnet Resonance, Shanghai, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Li, Lin,Zhang, Shu,Cui, Jie,et al. Fitness-Dependent Effect of Acute Aerobic Exercise on Executive Function[J]. FRONTIERS IN PHYSIOLOGY,2019,10:11.
APA Li, Lin.,Zhang, Shu.,Cui, Jie.,Chen, Li-Zhen.,Wang, Xiaoyan.,...&Wei, Gao-Xia.(2019).Fitness-Dependent Effect of Acute Aerobic Exercise on Executive Function.FRONTIERS IN PHYSIOLOGY,10,11.
MLA Li, Lin,et al."Fitness-Dependent Effect of Acute Aerobic Exercise on Executive Function".FRONTIERS IN PHYSIOLOGY 10(2019):11.
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