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Theory of Robot Mind: False Belief Attribution to Social Robots in Children With and Without Autism
Zhang, Yaoxin1; Song, Wenxu2; Tan, Zhenlin2; Wang, Yuyin3; Lam, Cheuk Man4; Hoi, Sio Pan1; Xiong, Qianhan1; Chen, Jiajia2,5; Yi, Li1
First AuthorZhang, Yaoxin
2019-08-09
Source PublicationFRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY
Correspondent Emailjiajia chen (jiajiac@chalmers.se) ; li yi (yilipku@pku.edu.cn)
ISSN1664-1078
Subtypearticle
Volume10Pages:7
Contribution Rank4
Abstract

This study aims to probe how children with and without autism spectrum disorders (ASD) attribute false belief to a social robot and predict its action accordingly. Twenty 5- to 7-year-old children with ASD and 20 age- and 10-matched typically developing (TD) children participated in two false belief tasks adapted for robot settings (change-of-location task and the unexpected-contents task). The results showed that most TD children are capable of attributing false belief to the social robot, that is, they could infer higher level mental states in robots, which extends our understanding in TD children's perception and cognition on social robots. Conversely, children with ASD still show difficulty in interpreting robots' mental states compared to their TD peers, which would greatly interfere with their interactions and communications with social robots and might impact on efficiency of robot-based intervention and education approaches. This group difference in attributing false belief to social robots could not be explained by the different perception and categorization of the robot. Our study implies that although children with ASD appear to be highly attracted by social robots, they still have difficulty in understanding mental states when socially interacting with robots, which should be taken into consideration when designing the robot-based intervention approach targeting to improve social behaviors of ASD.

Keywordautism spectrum disorder social robot false belief children theory of mind
DOI10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01732
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; Beijing Municipal Science and Technology Commission ; STINT Joint China-Sweden Mobility Programme ; Goran Gustafsson Foundation in Sweden
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[31571135] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[31871116] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[61671212] ; Beijing Municipal Science and Technology Commission[Z171100000117015] ; STINT Joint China-Sweden Mobility Programme ; Goran Gustafsson Foundation in Sweden
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000480271600001
PublisherFRONTIERS MEDIA SA
WOS KeywordYOUNG-CHILDREN ; SPECTRUM ; COMMUNICATION ; INDIVIDUALS ; DIFFICULTY
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/29579
Collection认知与发展心理学研究室
Corresponding AuthorChen, Jiajia; Yi, Li
Affiliation1.Peking Univ, Sch Psychol & Cognit Sci, Beijing Key Lab Behav & Mental Hlth, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.South China Normal Univ, South China Acad Adv Optoelect, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China
3.Sun Yat Sen Univ, Dept Psychol, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
5.Chalmers Univ Technol, Dept Elect Engn, Gothenburg, Sweden
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhang, Yaoxin,Song, Wenxu,Tan, Zhenlin,et al. Theory of Robot Mind: False Belief Attribution to Social Robots in Children With and Without Autism[J]. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,2019,10:7.
APA Zhang, Yaoxin.,Song, Wenxu.,Tan, Zhenlin.,Wang, Yuyin.,Lam, Cheuk Man.,...&Yi, Li.(2019).Theory of Robot Mind: False Belief Attribution to Social Robots in Children With and Without Autism.FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,10,7.
MLA Zhang, Yaoxin,et al."Theory of Robot Mind: False Belief Attribution to Social Robots in Children With and Without Autism".FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY 10(2019):7.
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