PSYCH OpenIR
预期焦虑对面孔表情加工的影响
Alternative TitleAnticipatory Anxiety Modulates the Processing of FacialExpressions
廖冲; 陆娟芝; 古若雷; 徐鹏飞; 罗跃嘉; 崔芳
First Author廖冲
2019-03-20
Source Publication心理科学
Correspondent Email18682471722@163.com
ISSN1671-6981
Subtype期刊论文
Volume42Issue:02Pages:258-264
Contribution Rank3
Abstract预期焦虑是由于对未发生结果的负性投射造成的焦虑情绪。本文比较了被试在不同预期焦虑水平下观看愉快、中性及恐惧面孔时的行为和脑电数据。发现在高预期焦虑水平下,恐惧面孔诱发的N170波幅显著大于低预期焦虑水平,而愉快和中性面孔在两种水平下诱发的N170波幅差异不显著,且预期焦虑水平对恐惧面孔诱发的N170波幅的调节强度与个体的特质焦虑得分显著相关。这些结果表明,预期焦虑水平会影响面孔表情加工,且不同情绪面孔受到的影响不同。我们推测,预期焦虑水平可能通过影响杏仁核等脑区的激活来调节颞上回对恐惧面孔的加工。
Other AbstractThe human brain responds before the application of aversive stimuli.Anticipation allows the organism to prepare its nociceptive system to respond adequately to the subsequent stimulus.The uncertainty of occurrence and intensity of an aversive event may lead to increased anticipatory anxiety,fear,physiological arousal and sensory perception.How does the anticipatory anxiety induced by the intensity of an uncertain aversive event influence the processing of social stimuli such as other’s facial expressions?The present study used a revised version of the'monetary wheel of fortune'game to induce different levels of anticipatory anxiety.Two kinds of bets were set:1 and 100,'1'meant that the participants would win/lose 1 point(equivalent to 0.1 Yuan);'100'meant that the participants would win/lose 100 points(equivalent to 10 Yuan).After the bet was chosen and before the outcome appeared,the participants were presented with pictures of facial expressions(including three kinds:happy,neutral and fearful).Participants were instructed to judge the valence of the expression by pressing buttons.The EEGs during participants’observation of different facial expression under different levels of anticipatory anxiety were recorded and compared.Since this was a novel paradigm,we ran a validation test with 20 participants who did not participate in the EEG studies.They were instructed to rate the anxiety level according to their current feelings after the fortune is done(1 or 100 was chosen)on a 9-point scale(from 1-not anxious at all to 9-extremely anxious).Results of the validation test indicated that 100 elicited a significantly higher level of anxiety than 1.Therefore,this novel paradigm could elicit a different level of anticipatory anxiety as we expected.On the behavioral level,we found that the participants showed a significant negative bias in which they tended to under-rate the pleasantness of neutral face under the high anticipatory anxiety conditions.On the ERP level,a significant interaction of anticipatory anxiety and facial expressions was observed on the N170 component.Both happy and fearful face induced significantly greater N170 than neutral face only in high anticipatory anxiety conditions but not in low anticipatory anxiety conditions.Crucially,we found that the fearful face induced N170 amplitude was significantly greater under high anticipatory anxiety condition than under low anticipatory anxiety condition,while the difference of N170 induced by happy and neutral faces between the two anticipatory anxiety levels was insignificant.In addition,we also found that that the modulation effect of anticipatory anxiety on the fearful face induced N170 was related to the personality trait scores of neuroticism and state-trait anxiety.Combined with behavioral and ERP findings,these results showed that the level of anticipatory anxiety had an impact on the processing of facial expressions,and the processing of different expressions was affected by the anticipatory anxiety differently.Previous studies have shown that patients with various anxiety disorders,including phobia,generalized anxiety disorder and social phobia,may exhibit abnormal anticipatory anxiety.The present study focusing on the healthy population will help deepen our understanding of the mechanism of abnormality in the diseased population.
Keyword预期焦虑 恐惧面孔 事件相关电位 N170
DOI10.16719/j.cnki.1671-6981.20190201
Language中文
Project Intro.国家自然科学基金青年科学基金项目(31500877)的资助
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/29645
Collection中国科学院心理研究所
Affiliation1.深圳大学心理与社会学院
2.深圳市情绪与社会认知科学重点实验室
3.中国科学院心理研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
廖冲,陆娟芝,古若雷,等. 预期焦虑对面孔表情加工的影响[J]. 心理科学,2019,42(02):258-264.
APA 廖冲,陆娟芝,古若雷,徐鹏飞,罗跃嘉,&崔芳.(2019).预期焦虑对面孔表情加工的影响.心理科学,42(02),258-264.
MLA 廖冲,et al."预期焦虑对面孔表情加工的影响".心理科学 42.02(2019):258-264.
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