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气质、父母教养方式与幼儿心理韧性的关系
Alternative TitleRelationship between temperament, parenting style andresilience of children aged 3-5 years
牛玉柏; 张凌燕; 郝泽生; 季雨竹
First Author牛玉柏
Correspondent Emailyuzhu@hotmail.com
Contribution Rank1
Abstract目的:考察3~5岁幼儿心理韧性的发展特点并探讨气质、父母教养方式与幼儿心理韧性之间的关系,检验父母教养方式的中介作用。方法:选取杭州市570名幼儿为被试对象,由幼儿教师完成Devereux幼儿心理韧性量表评定,由幼儿父母完成气质问卷和教养方式问卷的评定。采用AMOS 17.0对幼儿气质、父母教养方式与心理韧性之间的关系进行结构方程模型检验,并采用非参数百分位Bootstrap方法对模型的中介效应进行检验。结果:共回收有效问卷432份,回收率为75.79%。5岁幼儿心理韧性的主动性和自我调节两个维度高于3岁和4岁幼儿(均P<0.01);女生的主动性和自我调节维度高于男生(P<0.05或P<0.01)。气质的负性情绪维度与心理韧性三个维度均呈负相关(均P<0.05),而努力控制维度和权威型教养方式则与心理韧性三个维度均呈正相关(均P<0.05)。负性情绪和努力控制均部分通过权威型教养方式预测幼儿心理韧性(中介效应分别为-0.0143和0.0363)。结论:3~5岁幼儿心理韧性存在年龄、性别差异,且父母教养方式在气质与心理韧性之间起中介作用。
Other AbstractObjective:To investigate the developmental characteristics of resilience in children aged 3-5,and to explore the relationship between temperament,parenting style and resilience.Methods:A total of 570 preschoolers aged 3-5 years in Hangzhou participated in this study.The children’s teachers completed the assessment of the resilience scale of DECA-P2(Devereux Early Childhood Assessment for Preschoolers Second Edition);the children’s parents completed assessment of temperament questionnaire CBQ(Children’s Behavior Questionnaire)and parenting style questionnaire PSDQ(Parenting Styles and Dimensions Questionnaire).Results:Totally 432 valid questionnaires were retrieved with a recovery rate of 75.79%.The levels of initiative and self-regulation of 5-y children were higher than those of children aged 3 or 4(all P<0.01);the level of attachment/relationship of 5-y children was higher than that of children aged 4(P<0.01);the levels of initiative and self-regulation of girls were higher than those of boys(P<0.05 or P<0.01).The negative affect dimension of temperament was negatively correlated with resilience(all P<0.05),while the effortful control and authoritative parenting styles were positively correlated with resilience(all P<0.05).The negative affect and effortful control were able to partially predict resilience of children through authoritative parenting style(mediating effect were-0.0143 and 0.0363).Conclusion:Preschoolers aged 3-5 years with different age and gender show differences in resilience,and parenting styles may play a mediating effect between temperament and resilience.
Keyword心理学,儿童 儿童抚养 教育/方法 气质 双亲 调查和问卷
2019-02-25
Language中文
DOI10. 3785/j. issn. 1008-9292. 2019. 02. 12
Source Publication浙江大学学报(医学版)
ISSN1008-9292
Volume48Issue:01Pages:75-82
Subtype期刊论文
Project Intro.浙江省社科联研究课题(2013N081)
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/29654
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Affiliation1.浙江理工大学心理学系
2.中国科学院行为科学重点实验室中国科学院心理研究所
3.中国科学院大学
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
牛玉柏,张凌燕,郝泽生,等. 气质、父母教养方式与幼儿心理韧性的关系[J]. 浙江大学学报(医学版),2019,48(01):75-82.
APA 牛玉柏,张凌燕,郝泽生,&季雨竹.(2019).气质、父母教养方式与幼儿心理韧性的关系.浙江大学学报(医学版),48(01),75-82.
MLA 牛玉柏,et al."气质、父母教养方式与幼儿心理韧性的关系".浙江大学学报(医学版) 48.01(2019):75-82.
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