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认知控制的一般性/特异性机制:研究逻辑和争论
Alternative TitleGenerality and specificity of cognitive control: research logics and debates
杨国春; 李政汉; 伍海燕; 刘勋
First Author杨国春
Correspondent Emailliux@psych.ac.cn
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

认知控制是人类主动调控行为的高级认知功能,在冲突加工、工作记忆、决策等心理过程中都具有重要作用。然而,不同冲突的加工过程中是否具有相同的认知控制机制仍有很多争论。已有的认知控制理论往往认为认知控制是一般性的,但这种观点受到了近年来实证研究的挑战。研究一般性/特异性问题采用的逻辑主要包括可迁移性、平行比较、相关性以及认知资源竞争等。目前的一些研究证据分别支持了一般性、特异性以及二者兼有的观点。针对这种争论,未来的研究可以从以下视角展开,比如毕生发展变化、动态的脑网络、综合不同的研究逻辑、脑损伤的因果关系、计算神经建模、认知灵活性和功能连接等。

Other Abstract

As a high-level cognitive function of actively regulating human behaviors, cognitive control plays essential roles in conflict processing, working memory, decision making and so on. However, it is still under debate whether a universal cognitive control mechanism underlies the processing of various conflicts. Many existing theories tend to hold that cognitive control is domain-general;however, this view has been challenged by recent empirical studies. The logics of studying generality/specificity mainly include transferability, parallel comparison, correlation and resources competition, etc. Current empirical findings support that cognitive control is domain-general, domain-specific or both, respectively. To tackle this controversy, future studies about cognitive control can be performed from the perspectives of life-span development, the dynamic brain network, combination of multiple logics, causal relationship from brain injury, computational modeling, cognitive flexibility and functional connectivity.

Keyword认知控制 模块化 特异性 一般性
2018
Language中文
DOI10.13294/j.aps.2018.0096
Source Publication生理学报
ISSN0371-0874
Volume71Issue:1Pages:140-148
Subtype期刊论文
Indexed ByCSCD ; 中文核心期刊要目总览
Project Intro.

supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 61621136008);; the German Research Foundation (No. TRR-169)

CSCD IDCSCD:6431234
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/29683
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Affiliation1.中国科学院心理研究所行为科学重点实验室
2.中国科学院大学心理学系
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
杨国春,李政汉,伍海燕,等. 认知控制的一般性/特异性机制:研究逻辑和争论[J]. 生理学报,2018,71(1):140-148.
APA 杨国春,李政汉,伍海燕,&刘勋.(2018).认知控制的一般性/特异性机制:研究逻辑和争论.生理学报,71(1),140-148.
MLA 杨国春,et al."认知控制的一般性/特异性机制:研究逻辑和争论".生理学报 71.1(2018):140-148.
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