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失独父母创伤后应激障碍症状及相关因素
Alternative TitleSymptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder and its related factors among parents who lost their single child
张静; 刘正奎; 马珠江; 布威佐热姆·艾力; 赵一翀; 刘洋
First Author张静
2018-12-21
Source Publication中国心理卫生杂志
Correspondent Emailliuzk@psych.ac.cn
ISSN1000-6729
Subtype期刊论文
Volume33Issue:01Pages:21-26
Contribution Rank1
Abstract目的:探讨失独父母的创伤后应激障碍(PTSD)症状随失独年限变化的特点及相关因素。方法:以我国五省十市为调查点,选取373位失独父母开展调查,使用创伤后应激障碍筛查量表(PCL-5)、简版流调中心抑郁量表(CES-D-10)对其心理创伤症状进行评估。结果:失独父母PTSD症状筛查阳性率为57.1%(213/373),症状B、C、D、E的筛查阳性率分别为77.7%(290/373)、75.9%(283/373)、71.0%(265/373)和68.6%(256/373)。回归分析表明,家庭经济状况能够负向预测PCL-5和症状D得分,即经济状况越好症状得分越低(β=-0.13~-0.10, P <0.05)。结论:失独父母创伤后应激障碍症状的筛查阳性率较高,其创伤症状受家庭经济情况、孩子去世的年龄和抑郁症状等因素的影响较为明显。
Other AbstractObjective:To investigate the prevalence rates of the symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder( PTSD) among the parents who lost their single child and related factors.Methods:Totally 373 parents who lost their single child from ten cities of five provinces in China were recruited in this investigation, and the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5( PCL-5) and a short Chinese version of Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale( CES-D-10) were used to evaluate their traumatic symptoms.Results:The rates of PTSD symptom and its four symptom clusters were 57.1%( 213/373),77.7%( 290/373),75.9%( 283/373),71.0%( 265/373),68.6%( 256/373) respectively.Family economic situation could negatively predict PCL-5 and symptom D( β =-0.13--0.11,P<0.05).The age of the child’ s death also negatively predicted PCL-5,symptom B and D( β =-0.12--0.10,P<0.05).PCL-5 and its four symptom clusters were positively predicted by CES-D score( β = 0.67-0.78,P<0.05).Conclusion:Parents who lost their single child experienced higher traumatic symptoms,and the symptoms were influenced by economic conditions,child’ s age at death,and depressive symptom.
Keyword失独父母 创伤后应激障碍症状 相关因素
DOI10. 3969 /j. issn. 1000 - 6729. 2019. 01. 004
Language中文
Project Intro.重大突发事件创伤后应激障碍群体的心理健康评估与干预研究(JCYJ20170413170301569)
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/29685
Collection中国科学院心理研究所
Affiliation1.中国科学院心理研究所
2.中国科学院大学心理学系
3.中华女子学院
4.中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
张静,刘正奎,马珠江,等. 失独父母创伤后应激障碍症状及相关因素[J]. 中国心理卫生杂志,2018,33(01):21-26.
APA 张静,刘正奎,马珠江,布威佐热姆·艾力,赵一翀,&刘洋.(2018).失独父母创伤后应激障碍症状及相关因素.中国心理卫生杂志,33(01),21-26.
MLA 张静,et al."失独父母创伤后应激障碍症状及相关因素".中国心理卫生杂志 33.01(2018):21-26.
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