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Breath-focused mindfulness alters early and late components during emotion regulation
Zhang, Wenhai1,4; Ouyang, Yongqiang2; Tang, Fanggui1; Chen, Jie5; Li, Hong3
2019-10-01
Source PublicationBRAIN AND COGNITION
Correspondent Emailbrain_mental@126.com (f. tang) ; albert2013418@sina.cn (h. li).
ISSN0278-2626
Subtypearticle
Volume135Pages:8
Contribution Rank5
Abstract

Breath-focused mindfulness (BFM), which induces changes in brain structure and function, is applied in the clinical treatment of mental disorders as a method to regulate one's emotions. However, whether BFM works through a top-down emotional regulation strategy to alter brain dynamics and its relationship with individual differences in trait mindfulness are unclear. Event-related potentials (ERPs) of 20 healthy BFM-naive undergraduates were recorded when they conducted BFM/viewing tasks while viewing affective pictures. Participants completed the Attentional Control Scale (ACS) and the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS). The results indicated that under the viewing condition, positive and negative pictures elicited greater P1, N2, and late positive potential (LPP) amplitudes than did neutral pictures. However, BFM attenuated P1, N2, and LPP amplitudes for positive and negative pictures but not for neutral pictures. P1 amplitudes for emotional minus neutral pictures correlated with individual differences in focus attention measured by the ACS, while N2 amplitudes for emotional minus neutral pictures correlated with individual differences in trait mindfulness measured by the MAAS. These observations suggest that, consistent with the dual-process model, BFM is an effective emotion regulation strategy and might activate the dorsal top-down prefrontal system to alter early and late neural dynamics of affective processing.

KeywordAffective picture Breath-focused mindfulness Emotion regulation Event-related potential Top-down
DOI10.1016/j.bandc.2019.103585
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[31470997] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[81171289]
WOS Research AreaNeurosciences & Neurology ; Psychology
WOS SubjectNeurosciences ; Psychology, Experimental
WOS IDWOS:000485212800018
PublisherACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE
WOS KeywordELECTROCORTICAL RESPONSE ; PREFRONTAL CORTEX ; STRESS REDUCTION ; BRAIN MECHANISMS ; ATTENTION ; MEDITATION ; PAIN ; PICTURES ; ERP ; CATEGORIZATION
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/29751
Collection健康与遗传心理学研究室
Corresponding AuthorTang, Fanggui; Li, Hong
Affiliation1.Hengyang Normal Univ, Coll Educ Sci, Hengyang 421002, Peoples R China
2.China Univ Petr, Dept Phys Educ, Qingdao 266580, Shandong, Peoples R China
3.Shenzhen Univ, Shenzhen Inst Neurosci, Shenzhen Key Lab Affect & Social Cognit Sci, Sch Psychol, Shenzhen 518060, Peoples R China
4.Yancheng Inst Technol, Mental Hlth Ctr, Yancheng 224051, Peoples R China
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhang, Wenhai,Ouyang, Yongqiang,Tang, Fanggui,et al. Breath-focused mindfulness alters early and late components during emotion regulation[J]. BRAIN AND COGNITION,2019,135:8.
APA Zhang, Wenhai,Ouyang, Yongqiang,Tang, Fanggui,Chen, Jie,&Li, Hong.(2019).Breath-focused mindfulness alters early and late components during emotion regulation.BRAIN AND COGNITION,135,8.
MLA Zhang, Wenhai,et al."Breath-focused mindfulness alters early and late components during emotion regulation".BRAIN AND COGNITION 135(2019):8.
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