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Traumatic experiences and posttraumatic stress disorder among Chinese rural-to-urban migrant children
Liang Yiming1,2; Zhou Yueyue1,2; Liu Zhengkui1,2
First AuthorLiang Yiming
2019-10-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS
Correspondent Emailliuzk@psych.ac.cn (z. liu)
ISSN0165-0327
Subtypearticle
Volume257Pages:123-129
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

Background: Children and adolescents are in the developmental periods with the highest risk of experiencing multiple types of traumatic experiences (TEs). Immigrant children are more likely than other children to be exposed to TEs and have a higher risk of mental health problems. However, no epidemiological study has reported the prevalence of TEs and the associated development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among Chinese children. Methods: The present study focused on trauma exposure among rural-to-urban migrant Chinese children. A large-scale (N = 16,140) cross-sectional survey of rural-to-urban migrant workers' children in grades 4 to 9 was conducted in Beijing. Lifetime exposure to accidents and injuries, interpersonal violence, and trauma within the social network or witnessing traumatic events were measured along with PTSD. Results: Nearly half of the participants (47.06%) had experienced TEs, and 6.68% of those children met the cutoff for PTSD. Trauma exposure was associated with gender, age, quality of life, parents' marital status, caregivers before the child started school and father's education level. Overall, interpersonal violence was associated with the highest rates of PTSD, and disasters were associated with the lowest rates of PTSD. Limitations: The cross-sectional survey design limited the ability to document temporal ordering, and the assessment of lifetime TEs was based on retrospective recall. Conclusions: The present study is the first epidemiological study of TEs in Chinese rural-to-urban migrant children. TEs are potentially fairly common among this population. Interventions designed to prevent PTSD should target different TE types according to the victim's gender.

KeywordTraumatic experiences Posttraumatic stress disorder Migrant children China
DOI10.1016/j.jad.2019.07.024
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationPioneer Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Feature Institutes Program ; Consulting and Appraising Project of Chinese Academy of Sciences
Funding ProjectPioneer Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Feature Institutes Program[TSS2015-06] ; Consulting and Appraising Project of Chinese Academy of Sciences[Y7CX134003]
WOS Research AreaNeurosciences & Neurology ; Psychiatry
WOS SubjectClinical Neurology ; Psychiatry
WOS IDWOS:000482376300016
PublisherELSEVIER
WOS KeywordADOLESCENTS ; COMMUNITY ; SYMPTOMS ; EXPOSURE ; EVENTS ; SAMPLE
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/29760
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorLiu Zhengkui
Affiliation1.Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Liang Yiming,Zhou Yueyue,Liu Zhengkui. Traumatic experiences and posttraumatic stress disorder among Chinese rural-to-urban migrant children[J]. JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS,2019,257:123-129.
APA Liang Yiming,Zhou Yueyue,&Liu Zhengkui.(2019).Traumatic experiences and posttraumatic stress disorder among Chinese rural-to-urban migrant children.JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS,257,123-129.
MLA Liang Yiming,et al."Traumatic experiences and posttraumatic stress disorder among Chinese rural-to-urban migrant children".JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS 257(2019):123-129.
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