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Conflict control of emotional and non-emotional conflicts in preadolescent children
Liu, Tongran1,2; Liu, Xiuying1,2; Li, Danfeng1,2; Shangguan, Fangfang3; Lu, Liping4; Shi, Jiannong1,2
First AuthorLiu, Tongran
2019-09-01
Source PublicationBIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY
Correspondent Emailliutr@psych.ac.cn (t. liu)
ISSN0301-0511
Subtypearticle
Volume146Pages:11
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

Conflict control refers to an individual's goal-directed cognitive control and self-regulation of behavior. The neurodevelopment related to conflict control is crucial for the development of cognitive and emotional abilities in children. In the current study, preadolescent children and adults completed the Simon and Stroop tasks in emotional and non-emotional contexts with simultaneous electroencephalography recordings. The behavioral findings showed that adults had faster response speed and better conflict control performance compared to children. Children's accuracy was affected by the emotional context, whereby children had a lower accuracy in the emotional contexts compared to the non-emotional contexts. Adults had similar performances in both contexts. During the neural processes of conflict detection and conflict resolution, children had longer N2 latencies for conflict detection, and devoted more neural efforts with larger P3 amplitudes to execute resolution control on the conflicts than adults. Moreover, both age groups' reaction times (RT) were shorter in the Simon task than in the Stroop task in the non-emotional context, while, RTs were longer in the Simon task than in the Stroop task in the emotional context. Children showed larger P3 responses in the Simon task than in the Stroop task in the emotional contexts, while adults showed no such differences. The current findings demonstrate that children have immature neurodevelopment of conflict control compared to adults, and their cognitive control processes on conflicts were distracted by the emotional contexts. Children's emotional conflict control processes were also affected by the characteristic of conflict types, and they need to devote more neural effort to process Simon-like conflicts than Stroop-like conflicts compared to adults.

KeywordConflict control Emotion Stimulus-response compatibility Event-related potentials Preadolescence
DOI10.1016/j.biopsycho.2019.05.008
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; CAS Key Laboratory of Behavioral Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences ; 13th Five-years Plan of National Science of Education, the Key Research Projects of the Ministry of Education in 2018
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[31370020] ; CAS Key Laboratory of Behavioral Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences ; 13th Five-years Plan of National Science of Education, the Key Research Projects of the Ministry of Education in 2018[DBA180441]
WOS Research AreaPsychology ; Behavioral Sciences
WOS SubjectPsychology, Biological ; Behavioral Sciences ; Psychology ; Psychology, Experimental
WOS IDWOS:000485784700002
PublisherELSEVIER
WOS KeywordANTERIOR CINGULATE CORTEX ; COGNITIVE CONTROL MECHANISMS ; DEVELOPMENTAL-CHANGES ; EXECUTIVE FUNCTIONS ; RESPONSE CONFLICT ; STIMULUS-STIMULUS ; RESOLVE CONFLICT ; STROOP TASK ; BRAIN ; INTERFERENCE
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/29775
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorLiu, Tongran
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, 16 Lincui Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Capital Normal Univ, Dept Psychol, Key Lab Learning & Cognit, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Renmin Univ China, High Sch, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Liu, Tongran,Liu, Xiuying,Li, Danfeng,et al. Conflict control of emotional and non-emotional conflicts in preadolescent children[J]. BIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY,2019,146:11.
APA Liu, Tongran,Liu, Xiuying,Li, Danfeng,Shangguan, Fangfang,Lu, Liping,&Shi, Jiannong.(2019).Conflict control of emotional and non-emotional conflicts in preadolescent children.BIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY,146,11.
MLA Liu, Tongran,et al."Conflict control of emotional and non-emotional conflicts in preadolescent children".BIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY 146(2019):11.
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