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Alternative TitleA Cross-cultural Study on the Personality of 7-10 Years-old Children between Greece and China
李育辉; 张建新
Abstract目的:考察中国和希腊儿童人格结构的跨文化一致性和文化特异性。方法:采用希腊心理学家C.Coulacoglou编制的“童话故事测验”对北京138名和希腊491名7-10岁儿童的人格特点进行了测查。结果:①中国儿童在故事内容一致性上的得分显著低于希腊儿童(P<0.01),而在重复回答和怪异回答上的得分与希腊儿童并无显著差异; ②中国组男孩和女孩只在自尊、助人欲望上存在显著差异(P<0.05-0.01),希腊组男孩和女孩在恐惧被攻击、情感需求、性关注、财产拥有感上存在显著差异(P<0.05-0.01); ③不论男孩女孩,中国组儿童在矛盾心理、物质需求、追求卓越、嫉妒攻击、报复性攻击、口腔需求、助人欲望、归属需求、情感需求、焦虑、抑郁、性关注上的得分都要显著高于希腊组(P<0.05-0.01),但在A类攻击、口头攻击上的得分要显著低于希腊组(P<0.05-0.01); ④在嫉妒攻击、情感需求、抑郁、性关注四个方面,不同国家与性别之间存在显著的交互作用(P<0.05-0.01)。结论:中国和希腊儿童的人格特征存在显著差异; 性别对儿童的人格特征也存在一定的作用。
Keyword人格 儿童 跨文化研究 童话故事测验
Subject Area发展心理学 ; 人格心理学
Source Publication中国临床心理学杂志
Indexed ByASPT来源刊 CJFD收录刊
NoteObjective: The purpose of the study was to investigate the differences of children’s personality in Western and Eastern cultures. Methods: 138 children of Beijing and 491 children of Greece were tested with the Fairy Tale Test established by Prof. C. Coulacoglou. Results: ①Chinese children got lower scores of the variable of adaptation to fairy tale content than Grecian children (P<0.01). ②There are significant differences in the variables of self- esteem and desire to help others between boys and girls in China, and there are significant differences in the variables of fear of aggression, need for affection, sexual preoccupation, and sense of property between boys and girls in Greece. ③There are significant differences in the variables of need for affiliation, aggression as envy, oral needs, need for affection, desire for material things, desire for superiority, sexual preoccupation, and depression between Chinese and Grecian children.④There are interactions between cultures and sexes in the variables of aggression as envy, need for affection, depression and sexual preoccupation. Conclusion: There are different characters between Chinese and Grecian children’s personality; sexes play a certain role in the personality children.
Document Type期刊论文
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
李育辉,张建新. 7-10岁儿童的人格研究—童话故事测验的跨文化比较[J]. 中国临床心理学杂志,2006,14(4):331-333,337.
APA 李育辉,&张建新.(2006).7-10岁儿童的人格研究—童话故事测验的跨文化比较.中国临床心理学杂志,14(4),331-333,337.
MLA 李育辉,et al."7-10岁儿童的人格研究—童话故事测验的跨文化比较".中国临床心理学杂志 14.4(2006):331-333,337.
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