B2C电子商务中消费者的风险来源及其影响
其他题名The Consumers Risk Sources and Their Influence in B2C E-Commerce
孙祥; 张硕阳; 陈毅文; 王二平
2006
发表期刊心理学报
ISSN0439-755X
卷号38期号:4页码:607-613
摘要研究目的是通过考察B2C(BusinesstoConsumer)电子商务中消费者知觉到的风险来源来验证电子商务交易中的虚实界面假设。通过访谈法和问卷法调查了337名被试,探讨了B2C电子商务中消费者认知到的风险来源结构,以及这些风险来源对消费者认知风险的影响。结果表明:消费者在B2C电子商务中的认知风险一部分来源于虚实界面。
关键词B2c电子商务 风险来源 消费者
学科领域应用心理学其它学科
收录类别中文核心期刊要目总览 ASPT来源刊 CJFD收录刊
语种中文
资助项目国家自然科学基金资助项目(70271052)
附注With the development of E2Commerce, it is an urgent issue for consumer researcher to know consumers’feeling about online shopp ing and to find barriers of their online shopp ing. A number of studies have shown that perceived risks tend to stop consumer from online shopp ing. It is crucial to fully examine consumers’perceived risks in online shopp ing in order to understand consumer online behavior and to p romote them to adop t online purchasing. The main aim of this research is to test the hypothesis of the cyber-reality interface in online shopp ing by examining the risk sources consumer perceived in B2C E2Commerce.   Using a combined methodology of qualitative and quantitative research, this study exp lores the risk sources in B2C (Business to Consumer) Electronic Commerce from consumers’perspective. The article begins with a brief introduction and literature review of risk reception. In this study, a total of 337 subjectswere surveyed by interviews and questionnaires to explore the risk sources consumer perceived in B2C E2Commerce, the dimensions of the consumers’perceived risks, and the influence of these risk sources on risk perception.   The main findings of this study: Eight main factors were extracted by exp lored factor analysis ( EFA) , and they can explain 61% of the total variance. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was then used to confirm the model. The results were as follows:χ2 / df were 1. 38, the RMSEA was 0. 05, and the GFI, NNFI and CFIwere all above 0. 8. The Cronbach α coefficient of the questionnaire for overall perceived risk was 0. 83. Risk sources of real guarantee, buyer2seller interaction, online transaction, information searching, autonomy, and p roduct2related were significant influence on the overall perceived risk.   Results suggest that: 1. Consumers perceived a number of risk sources in B2C E2Commerce. Among them, lack of real feeling, necessary information, advertisement bias lie in the stage of information searching; personal information, procedure redundancy, payment system and website fraud lie in the stage of online transaction; delivery time, damage, mistake and personnel lies in the stage of logistics; refusal concern, consumption document, expectation consistency and postsale service lies in the stage of after-buying. 2. Risk sources in B2C E2Commerce consist of eight components. They are risk in the interface of online transaction, risk of real guarantee, product-related risk, time-related risk, risk of information searching, risk of autonomy, risk of return and change, as well as risk of buyer-seller interaction. 3. Risk sources that have a significant impact on consumers’overall perceived risk are risk of real guarantee, risk of buyer-seller interaction, risk of online transaction, risk of information searching, risk of autonomy and product-related risk
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/3018
专题中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
通讯作者陈毅文
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
孙祥,张硕阳,陈毅文,等. B2C电子商务中消费者的风险来源及其影响[J]. 心理学报,2006,38(4):607-613.
APA 孙祥,张硕阳,陈毅文,&王二平.(2006).B2C电子商务中消费者的风险来源及其影响.心理学报,38(4),607-613.
MLA 孙祥,et al."B2C电子商务中消费者的风险来源及其影响".心理学报 38.4(2006):607-613.
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