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Empathy or schadenfreude? Social value orientation and affective responses to gambling results
Qi Yanyan1,2,3; Nan Weizhi4,5; Cai Huajian1,2; Wu Haiyan1,2; Liu Xun1,2
First AuthorQi Yanyan
Correspondent Emailwuhy@psych.ac.cn (h. wu) ; liux@psych.ac.cn (x. liu)
Abstract

Social value orientation (SVO) refers to the social motivation that guides people to trade off interests between the self and others, which plays an important role in human prosocial behaviors. In this research, three studies were conducted to investigate whether people with high versus low SVO differ in their affective response to winning and losing in a gambling task when the gambler is a stranger (Study 1), when both oneself and strangers are the gamblers and social comparison is involved (Study 2) and when the gambler is a liked or disliked person (Study 3). The results show that when the gambler is a stranger (Study 1) or a liked person (Study 3), people manifest empathy regardless of their level of SVO. When the self is involved (Study 2) or when the target is a disliked person (Study 3), however, people with high SVO manifest empathy-like responses, but people with low SVO manifest schadenfreude. Overall, whether SVO influences affective responses to economic gain and loss depends on the gambling situation or the target person, thus enriching our understandings of humans' prosocial behaviors.

KeywordSocial value orientation Empathy Schadenfreude Outcome evaluation Social comparison Interpersonal preference
2020-01-15
Language英语
DOI10.1016/j.paid.2019.109619
Source PublicationPERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES
ISSN0191-8869
Volume153Pages:9
Subtypearticle
Indexed BySCI
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[U1736125] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[31640039] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[31400963]
PublisherPERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
WOS KeywordNEURAL RESPONSES ; MODERATING ROLE ; COOPERATION ; PROSOCIALS ; PLEASURE ; ENVY ; PROSELFS ; OUTCOMES ; TRUST ; PAIN
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Social
WOS IDWOS:000498750300005
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/30461
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorWu Haiyan; Liu Xun
Affiliation1.Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
3.Zhengzhou Univ, Sch Educ, Dept Psychol, Zhengzhou 450001, Henan, Peoples R China
4.Guangzhou Univ, Dept Psychol, Sch Educ, Guangzhou 510006, Guangdong, Peoples R China
5.Guangzhou Univ, Ctr Brain & Cognit Sci, Sch Educ, Guangzhou 510006, Guangdong, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Behavioral Science, CAS
Corresponding Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Behavioral Science, CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Qi Yanyan,Nan Weizhi,Cai Huajian,et al. Empathy or schadenfreude? Social value orientation and affective responses to gambling results[J]. PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES,2020,153:9.
APA Qi Yanyan,Nan Weizhi,Cai Huajian,Wu Haiyan,&Liu Xun.(2020).Empathy or schadenfreude? Social value orientation and affective responses to gambling results.PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES,153,9.
MLA Qi Yanyan,et al."Empathy or schadenfreude? Social value orientation and affective responses to gambling results".PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES 153(2020):9.
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