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The Impact of Social Relationships on Children's Distributive Justice
Zhang, Zhen1,2
First AuthorZhang, Zhen
2020
Source PublicationDEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
Correspondent Emailzhangzhen@ psych.ac.cn
ISSN0012-1649
Subtypearticle
Volume56Issue:1Pages:103-116
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

Previous work has provided evidence that both merit and social relationships guide resource distribution in children. However, no prior studies have addressed the question of how children as third-party distributors balance the 2 factors when they are in conflict with one another. Two studies tested 7-year-old Chinese children's allocation of 3 and 4 rewards for work performed by 3 different pairs of recipients. In each pair, 1 recipient was a stranger and the other recipient was either the child's friend, a disliked peer, or another stranger. The 2 recipients were either equally deserving (Study 1, N = 48) or unequally deserving, with the child's friend/disliked peer/another stranger having completed less (Study 2a, N = 48; Follow-Up study, N = 60) or more (Study 2b, N = 48) work to deserve the rewards. The children generally showed a positive bias toward their friend; the children gave more resources to their friend than to an equally deserving stranger (Study 1) and distributed resources equally when the friend was less deserving (Study 2a and Follow-Up combined). The children also showed negative bias toward the disliked peer by distributing resources equally when he or she was more deserving than the stranger (Study 2b). The children adhered to merit when distributing between two strangers (Study 1, 2b, combined Follow-Up). These findings suggest that, by 7 years of age, children resolve conflicts between social relationships and merit by basing resource allocation decisions on relationships, but they moderate those decisions depending on the recipients' merit.

Keywordsocial relationships friendship merit resource distribution children
DOI10.1037/dev0000855
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[31000469]
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Developmental
WOS IDWOS:000502995100009
PublisherAMER PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOC
WOS KeywordRESOURCE-ALLOCATION ; CONTINGENT RECIPROCITY ; SHARING BEHAVIOR ; EQUITY ; PRESCHOOLERS ; CONCEPTIONS ; INEQUALITY ; FRIENDS ; COLLABORATION ; EXPECTATIONS
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/30564
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorZhang, Zhen
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhang, Zhen. The Impact of Social Relationships on Children's Distributive Justice[J]. DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY,2020,56(1):103-116.
APA Zhang, Zhen.(2020).The Impact of Social Relationships on Children's Distributive Justice.DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY,56(1),103-116.
MLA Zhang, Zhen."The Impact of Social Relationships on Children's Distributive Justice".DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY 56.1(2020):103-116.
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