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The Mediating Role of Coping Styles on Impulsivity, Behavioral Inhibition/Approach System, and Internet Addiction in Adolescents From a Gender Perspective
Li, Qi1,2; Dai, Weine3,4,5,6; Zhong, Yang1,2; Wang, Lingxiao1,2; Dai, Bibing7; Liu, Xun1,2
First AuthorLi, Qi
2019-10-24
Source PublicationFRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY
Correspondent Emailbibing dai daibibing@tmu.edu.cn
ISSN1664-1078
Subtypearticle
Volume10Pages:14
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

Previous findings have shown that impulsivity and Behavioral Inhibition/Approach System (BIS/BAS) have substantial effects on adolescents' Internet addiction, but the mechanisms underlying these associations and gender differences in these effects have received little attention. We examined the mediating effects of coping styles from impulsivity, and BIS/BAS to Internet addiction as well as gender differences in these associations. A total of 416 Chinese adolescents were examined using a cross-sectional survey involving Young's Diagnostic Questionnaire for Internet Addiction, Barratt Impulsiveness Scale, BIS/BAS scales, and Coping Style Scale for Middle School Students. The data were analyzed using the independent sample t-test, chi-square test, Pearson correlation, and structure equation modeling. The results from the multiple-group (by adolescent gender) structural model analysis revealed that both impulsivity (p < 0.001) and BIS (p = 0.001) directly predicted positive Internet addiction in girls, while both impulsivity (p = 0.011) and BAS (p = 0.048) directly predicted positive Internet addiction in boys. Furthermore, emotion-focused coping mediated the relationship between impulsivity and Internet addiction (beta = 0.080, 95% CI: 0.023-0.168) and the relationship between BIS and Internet addiction (beta = 0.064, 95% CI: 0.013-0.153) in girls, while in boys, problem-focused coping and emotion-focused coping mediated the association between impulsivity and Internet addiction (beta = 0.118, 95% CI: 0.031-0.251; beta = 0.065, 95% CI: 0.010-0.160, respectively) and problem-focused coping mediated the association between BAS and Internet addiction [beta = -0.058, 95% CI: (-0.142)-(-0.003)]. These findings extend our insight into the mechanisms underlying the associations among impulsivity, BIS/BAS, and Internet addiction in adolescents and suggest that gender-sensitive training approaches to decrease adolescents' Internet addiction are indispensable. These interventions should focus on the different gender predictors of adolescent Internet addiction and on the development of specific coping styles for boys and girls respectively.

Keywordadolescents impulsivity behavioral inhibition approach system coping styles Internet addiction gender differences
DOI10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02402
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; Humanities and Social Science Research of the Ministry of Education of China ; CAS Key Laboratory of Behavioral Science, Institute of Psychology ; China Scholarship Council
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[31571161] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[31200782] ; Humanities and Social Science Research of the Ministry of Education of China[18YJC190002] ; CAS Key Laboratory of Behavioral Science, Institute of Psychology[Y5CX052003] ; China Scholarship Council
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000495391900001
PublisherFRONTIERS MEDIA SA
WOS KeywordALCOHOL-USE ; REINFORCEMENT SENSITIVITY ; PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS ; SOCIAL NETWORKING ; GAMING DISORDER ; PERSONALITY ; SYMPTOMS ; ASSOCIATION ; CHILDHOOD ; STUDENTS
Citation statistics
Cited Times:1[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/30748
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorDai, Bibing
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Aarhus Univ, Ctr Functionally Integrat Neurosci, Aarhus, Denmark
4.Aarhus Univ, Positron Emiss Tomog Ctr, Aarhus, Denmark
5.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Sino Danish Coll, Beijing, Peoples R China
6.Sino Danish Ctr Educ & Res, Beijing, Peoples R China
7.Tranjin Med Univ, Inst Psychol, Tianjin, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Li, Qi,Dai, Weine,Zhong, Yang,et al. The Mediating Role of Coping Styles on Impulsivity, Behavioral Inhibition/Approach System, and Internet Addiction in Adolescents From a Gender Perspective[J]. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,2019,10:14.
APA Li, Qi,Dai, Weine,Zhong, Yang,Wang, Lingxiao,Dai, Bibing,&Liu, Xun.(2019).The Mediating Role of Coping Styles on Impulsivity, Behavioral Inhibition/Approach System, and Internet Addiction in Adolescents From a Gender Perspective.FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,10,14.
MLA Li, Qi,et al."The Mediating Role of Coping Styles on Impulsivity, Behavioral Inhibition/Approach System, and Internet Addiction in Adolescents From a Gender Perspective".FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY 10(2019):14.
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