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Your Performance Is My Concern: A Perspective-Taking Competition Task Affects ERPs to Opponent's Outcomes
Yu, Hao1; Nan, Weizhi2; Yang, Guochun1,3; Li, Qi1,3; Wu, Haiyan1,3; Liu, Xun1,3
First AuthorYu, Hao
Correspondent Emailhaiyan wu wuhy@psych.ac.cn ; xun liu liux@psych.ac.cn
2019-10-25
Source PublicationFRONTIERS IN NEUROSCIENCE
Subtypearticle
Volume13Pages:12
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

Previous research has shown that people have more empathic responses to in-group members and more schadenfreude to out-group members. As a dimension of cognitive empathy, perspective-taking has been considered to be related to the enhancement of empathy. We tried to combine these effects through manipulation of a competitive task with opponents and an in-group partner and investigated the potential effect of in-group bias or the perspective-taking effect on outcome evaluation. We hypothesized that the neural activities would provide evidence of in-group bias. We tested it with a simple gambling observation task and recorded subjects' electroencephalographic (EEG) signals. Our results showed that the opponent's loss evoked larger feedback-related negativity (FRN) and smaller P300 activity than the partner's loss condition, and there was a win vs. loss differential effect in P300 for the opponent only. The principal component analysis (PCA) replicated the loss vs. win P300 effect to opponent's performance. Moreover, the correlation between the inclusion of the other in the self (IOS) scores and FRN suggests perspective-taking may induce greater monitoring to opponent's performance, which increases the win vs. loss differentiation brain response to the out-group agent. Our results thus provide evidence for the enhanced attention toward out-group individuals after competition manipulation, as well as the motivation significance account of FRN.

Keywordin-group bias gambling task feedback related negativity P300 EEG
DOI10.3389/fnins.2019.01162
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[31400963]
WOS Research AreaNeurosciences & Neurology
WOS SubjectNeurosciences
WOS IDWOS:000496428500001
PublisherFRONTIERS MEDIA SA
WOS KeywordIN-GROUP BIAS ; NEURAL RESPONSES ; INTERGROUP COMPETITION ; NEGATIVITY REFLECTS ; GENDER-DIFFERENCES ; SEX-DIFFERENCES ; EMPATHY ; PAIN ; FEEDBACK ; AGGRESSION
Citation statistics
Cited Times:2[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/30776
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorWu, Haiyan; Liu, Xun
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Guangzhou Univ, Sch Educ, Ctr Brain & Cognit Sci, Dept Psychol, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yu, Hao,Nan, Weizhi,Yang, Guochun,et al. Your Performance Is My Concern: A Perspective-Taking Competition Task Affects ERPs to Opponent's Outcomes[J]. FRONTIERS IN NEUROSCIENCE,2019,13:12.
APA Yu, Hao,Nan, Weizhi,Yang, Guochun,Li, Qi,Wu, Haiyan,&Liu, Xun.(2019).Your Performance Is My Concern: A Perspective-Taking Competition Task Affects ERPs to Opponent's Outcomes.FRONTIERS IN NEUROSCIENCE,13,12.
MLA Yu, Hao,et al."Your Performance Is My Concern: A Perspective-Taking Competition Task Affects ERPs to Opponent's Outcomes".FRONTIERS IN NEUROSCIENCE 13(2019):12.
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