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How Do Amusement, Anger and Fear Influence Heart Rate and Heart Rate Variability?
Wu, Yan1; Gu, Ruolei2,3; Yang, Qiwei1; Luo, Yue-jia1
Corresponding AuthorYang, Qiwei(qiweiyang@sina.com.cn)
2019-10-18
Source PublicationFRONTIERS IN NEUROSCIENCE
Volume13Pages:6
AbstractEmotions involve subjective experiences, behavioral performances, and physiological responses. Research concerning autonomic states corresponding to different emotions has prevailed for several decades. The present study was designed to investigate how specific emotions influence cardiac activities that reflect autonomic responses. Affective videos selected from a standardized Chinese database were used to induce amused, fearful, angry, and neutral emotions, while electrocardiogram and self-rated emotional experiences were recorded. Heart rate was significantly lower in the amused condition than in the angry, fearful and neutral condition. There were no significant differences among the latter three conditions. The root mean square of successive differences, an index of heart rate variability (HRV), was significantly larger in the amused condition than in the fearful, neutral, and angry conditions. It was also significantly larger in the angry condition than in the fearful condition. There were no significant differences between the fearful and neutral, or angry and neutral conditions. These results revealed that: (1) amusement activates the parasympathetic nervous system, and (2) compared with fear, anger is more likely to be linked with parasympathetic activation. We suggest that HRV, rather than the valence dimension (i.e., positive or negative) be regarded as a potential index to discriminate emotions related to approach or avoidance motivation.
Keywordanger fear amusement heart rate heart rate variability root mean square of successive differences
DOI10.3389/fnins.2019.01131
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[31671173] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[31701001] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[31571124]
WOS Research AreaNeurosciences & Neurology
WOS SubjectNeurosciences
WOS IDWOS:000494277200001
PublisherFRONTIERS MEDIA SA
WOS KeywordJAMES-LANGE THEORY ; EMOTION ; MODEL
Citation statistics
Cited Times:1[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/30786
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorYang, Qiwei
Affiliation1.Chengdu Med Coll, Sichuan Res Ctr Appl Psychol, Chengdu, Sichuan, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wu, Yan,Gu, Ruolei,Yang, Qiwei,et al. How Do Amusement, Anger and Fear Influence Heart Rate and Heart Rate Variability?[J]. FRONTIERS IN NEUROSCIENCE,2019,13:6.
APA Wu, Yan,Gu, Ruolei,Yang, Qiwei,&Luo, Yue-jia.(2019).How Do Amusement, Anger and Fear Influence Heart Rate and Heart Rate Variability?.FRONTIERS IN NEUROSCIENCE,13,6.
MLA Wu, Yan,et al."How Do Amusement, Anger and Fear Influence Heart Rate and Heart Rate Variability?".FRONTIERS IN NEUROSCIENCE 13(2019):6.
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