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Cross-cultural comparison of theory of mind deficits in patients with schizophrenia from China and Denmark: different aspects of ToM show different results
Beck, Katrine Ingeman1,2; Simonsen, Arndis2,3,4; Wang, Huiling5; Yang, Liuqing6,7; Zhou, Yuan6,7; Bliksted, Vibeke2,3,4
First AuthorBeck, Katrine Ingeman
Correspondent Emailvibeke bliksted vibeke.bliksted@ps.rm.dk
2020-02-10
Source PublicationNORDIC JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY
ISSN0803-9488
Subtypearticle
Pages8
Contribution Rank6
Abstract

Introduction: Theory of mind (ToM) has been established as one of the most investigated and pronounced social cognitive deficits in schizophrenia. Yet, knowledge on whether measures of ToM can be used and compared across cultures is sparse. In this study, we used two simple, non-verbal ToM tests in patients with schizophrenia and non-clinical controls from China and Denmark to investigate whether culture has an impact on ToM performance. Methods: Sixty-six patients with schizophrenia (35 Chinese) and 67 matched non-clinical controls (38 Chinese) from China and Denmark were tested with Brunes Picture Sequencing Task and Animated Triangles Task. We compared three models for each outcome variable in order to investigate which model best fitted the data: the first model included group (controls, patients) as a predictor variable, the second included group and nationality (Chinese, Danish), and the third included both predictors and their interaction. Results: On most ToM subtests, culture seemed to play a role. Only performance on Brune's 1st order ToM were best described as similar in both countries. The second model had the best fit for most of the subtests indicating that the difference between patients and controls in China and Denmark, respectively, is similar. Conclusions: Caution to cultural differences should be taken when comparing ToM in Asian and Western patients with schizophrenia as well as healthy individuals.

KeywordSocial cognition culture neurocognition mentalizing
DOI10.1080/08039488.2020.1723687
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding Organization'Seed Money' from Interacting Minds Center, Aarhus University, Denmark ; Carlsberg Foundation ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Science ; Beijing Nova Program
Funding Project'Seed Money' from Interacting Minds Center, Aarhus University, Denmark ; Carlsberg Foundation ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[81371476] ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Science[2012075] ; Beijing Nova Program[Z121107002512064]
WOS Research AreaPsychiatry
WOS SubjectPsychiatry
WOS IDWOS:000513429900001
PublisherTAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD
WOS KeywordSOCIAL COGNITION ; 1ST-EPISODE SCHIZOPHRENIA ; EMOTION RECOGNITION ; LANGUAGE ; METAANALYSIS ; ATTRIBUTION ; SENSITIVITY
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/30871
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorBliksted, Vibeke
Affiliation1.Aarhus Univ Hosp Psychiat, Res Unit, Dept Child & Adolescent Psychiat, Skejby, Denmark
2.Aarhus Univ Hosp Psychiat, Psychosis Res Unit, Skejby, Denmark
3.Aarhus Univ, Dept Clin Med, Aarhus, Denmark
4.Aarhus Univ, Interacting Minds Ctr, Aarhus, Denmark
5.Wuhan Univ, Renmin Hosp, Dept Psychiat, Wuhan, Peoples R China
6.Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
7.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Beck, Katrine Ingeman,Simonsen, Arndis,Wang, Huiling,et al. Cross-cultural comparison of theory of mind deficits in patients with schizophrenia from China and Denmark: different aspects of ToM show different results[J]. NORDIC JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY,2020:8.
APA Beck, Katrine Ingeman,Simonsen, Arndis,Wang, Huiling,Yang, Liuqing,Zhou, Yuan,&Bliksted, Vibeke.(2020).Cross-cultural comparison of theory of mind deficits in patients with schizophrenia from China and Denmark: different aspects of ToM show different results.NORDIC JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY,8.
MLA Beck, Katrine Ingeman,et al."Cross-cultural comparison of theory of mind deficits in patients with schizophrenia from China and Denmark: different aspects of ToM show different results".NORDIC JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY (2020):8.
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