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The effect of the emotional state on driving performance in a simulated car-following task
Zhang, Qian1,2,3; Qu, Weina1,2; Ge, Yan1,2; Sun, Xianghong1,2; Zhang, Kan1,2
Corresponding AuthorGe, Yan(gey@psych.ac.cn)
2020-02-01
Source PublicationTRANSPORTATION RESEARCH PART F-TRAFFIC PSYCHOLOGY AND BEHAVIOUR
ISSN1369-8478
Volume69Pages:349-361
AbstractEmotion is an important factor that influences driving behavior, but the mechanism is unclear. This research explored the effect of the emotional state on simulated driving behavior. Thirty-five licensed drivers participated in this study and completed a car-following task. The angry, happy and neutral states were manipulated during the task. The participants' driving performance and risk perception were recorded under each emotional state. Trait anger and driving experience were also measured to explore the possible mediating effect. The results showed that the drivers in an angry or happy emotional state tended to maintain less time to collision and take a longer time to brake while following a lead vehicle than the drivers under the neutral condition, suggesting that drivers in emotional states are more dangerous those in neutral states. Moreover, the happy state rendered the drivers more dangerous, which manifested as a lower perceived accident risk than that among the drivers in the angry and neutral states. More specifically, experienced drivers in happy states performed worse with respect to vehicle lateral position control. Recommendations and implications for safety education and further research are discussed. (C) 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
KeywordAnger Happiness Driving performance Risk perception
DOI10.1016/j.trf.2020.02.004
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Key Research and Development Plan of China
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[U1736220] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[31771225] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[31400886] ; National Key Research and Development Plan of China[2017YFB0802800]
WOS Research AreaPsychology ; Transportation
WOS SubjectPsychology, Applied ; Transportation
WOS IDWOS:000521116000026
PublisherELSEVIER SCI LTD
WOS KeywordANGER EXPRESSION INVENTORY ; ON-THE-ROAD ; VISUAL-ATTENTION ; NEGATIVE AFFECT ; RISKY BEHAVIOR ; GENDER-ROLES ; TRAIT ANGER ; DRIVERS ; IMPACT ; MOOD
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/31316
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorGe, Yan
Affiliation1.Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Shaanxi Normal Univ, Sch Psychol, Xian, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Behavioral Science, CAS
Corresponding Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Behavioral Science, CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhang, Qian,Qu, Weina,Ge, Yan,et al. The effect of the emotional state on driving performance in a simulated car-following task[J]. TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH PART F-TRAFFIC PSYCHOLOGY AND BEHAVIOUR,2020,69:349-361.
APA Zhang, Qian,Qu, Weina,Ge, Yan,Sun, Xianghong,&Zhang, Kan.(2020).The effect of the emotional state on driving performance in a simulated car-following task.TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH PART F-TRAFFIC PSYCHOLOGY AND BEHAVIOUR,69,349-361.
MLA Zhang, Qian,et al."The effect of the emotional state on driving performance in a simulated car-following task".TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH PART F-TRAFFIC PSYCHOLOGY AND BEHAVIOUR 69(2020):349-361.
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