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The mere physical presence of another person reduces human autonomic responses to aversive sounds
Qi, Yanyan1,2,3; Herrmann, Martin J.1; Bell, Luisa1; Fackler, Anna1; Han, Shihui4; Deckert, Juergen1; Hein, Grit1
Corresponding AuthorHein, Grit(hein_g@ukw.de)
2020-01-29
Source PublicationPROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES
ISSN0962-8452
Volume287Issue:1919Pages:9
AbstractSocial animals show reduced physiological responses to aversive events if a conspecific is physically present. Although humans are innately social, it is unclear whether the mere physical presence of another person is sufficient to reduce human autonomic responses to aversive events. In our study, participants experienced aversive and neutral sounds alone (alone treatment) or with an unknown person that was physically present without providing active support. The present person was a member of the participants' ethnical group (ingroup treatment) or a different ethnical group (outgroup treatment), inspired by studies that have found an impact of similarity on social modulation effects. We measured skin conductance responses (SCRs) and collected subjective similarity and affect ratings. The mere presence of an ingroup or outgroup person significantly reduced SCRs to the aversive sounds compared with the alone condition, in particular in participants with high situational anxiety. Moreover, the effect was stronger if participants perceived the ingroup or outgroup person as dissimilar to themselves. Our results indicate that the mere presence of another person was sufficient to diminish autonomic responses to aversive events in humans, and thus verify the translational validity of basic social modulation effects across different species.
Keywordsocial modulation similarity skin conductance responses anxiety
DOI10.1098/rspb.2019.2241
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationGerman Research Foundation ; Joint Training Program of University of Chinese Academy of Sciences
Funding ProjectGerman Research Foundation[HE 4566/5-1] ; German Research Foundation[HE 4566/3-1] ; Joint Training Program of University of Chinese Academy of Sciences
WOS Research AreaLife Sciences & Biomedicine - Other Topics ; Environmental Sciences & Ecology ; Evolutionary Biology
WOS SubjectBiology ; Ecology ; Evolutionary Biology
WOS IDWOS:000525831100006
PublisherROYAL SOC
WOS KeywordCONDITIONED FEAR RESPONSES ; SOCIAL SUPPORT ; STRESS ; ANXIETY ; PAIN ; CORTISOL ; BEHAVIOR ; INGROUP ; TRANSMISSION ; EXPERIENCE
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/31319
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorHein, Grit
Affiliation1.Univ Wurzburg, Translat Social Neurosci Unit, Dept Psychiat Psychosomat & Psychotherapy, Ctr Mental Hlth, D-97080 Wurzburg, Germany
2.Zhengzhou Univ, Sch Educ, Dept Psychol, Zhengzhou 450001, Peoples R China
3.Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
4.Peking Univ, PKU IDG McGovern Inst Brain Res, Sch Psychol & Cognit Sci, Beijing 10008, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Qi, Yanyan,Herrmann, Martin J.,Bell, Luisa,et al. The mere physical presence of another person reduces human autonomic responses to aversive sounds[J]. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES,2020,287(1919):9.
APA Qi, Yanyan.,Herrmann, Martin J..,Bell, Luisa.,Fackler, Anna.,Han, Shihui.,...&Hein, Grit.(2020).The mere physical presence of another person reduces human autonomic responses to aversive sounds.PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES,287(1919),9.
MLA Qi, Yanyan,et al."The mere physical presence of another person reduces human autonomic responses to aversive sounds".PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES 287.1919(2020):9.
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