PSYCH OpenIR  > 中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Prevalence, clinical correlates of suicide attempt and its relationship with empathy in patients with schizophrenia
Wang, Wenjia1,2; Zhou, Yongjie3,4; Wang, Jiesi1,2; Xu, Hang1,2; Wei, Shuochi1,2; Wang, Dongmei1,2; Wang, Li1,2; Zhang, Xiang Yang1,2
2020-04-20
Source PublicationPROGRESS IN NEURO-PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY & BIOLOGICAL PSYCHIATRY
ISSN0278-5846
Volume99Pages:7
Abstract

Objectives: Previous studies have shown that cognitive impairment plays a key role in suicide, an important factor leading to premature death in schizophrenia (SCZ) patients. Empathy has received extensive attention recently; however, the relationship of empathy with suicide in schizophrenia is still unknown. The main aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of suicide attempts and its association with empathy and other characteristics in Chinese chronic SCZ patients. Methods: The suicide attempt data, together with demographic characteristics and clinical variables were collected from 627 chronic inpatients with schizophrenia. We utilized the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) for the psychopathological symptoms, and the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) for affective and cognitive empathy in this study. Results: We found a suicide attempt rate of 11.3% in chronic SCZ patients. Compared to non-attempters, suicide attempters were more likely to be women, had younger age and higher education levels, as well as higher positive symptoms and depressive factor score, but lower negative symptoms of PANSS (all p < .05). Moreover, after controlling the confounding factors, suicide attempters scored higher in Personal Distress subscale of IRI (F-1, (455) = 5.446, p = .020) than non-attempters. Conclusions: The prevalence of suicide attempt is high in chronic SCZ patients. Its risk factors include some demographic and clinical variables. Moreover, suicide attempters experienced stronger personal distress, suggesting that stronger empathy may be a risk factor of suicide.

KeywordSchizophrenia Suicide attempt Empathy Risk factor
DOI10.1016/j.pnpbp.2020.109863
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaNeurosciences & Neurology ; Pharmacology & Pharmacy ; Psychiatry
WOS SubjectClinical Neurology ; Neurosciences ; Pharmacology & Pharmacy ; Psychiatry
WOS IDWOS:000518756400028
PublisherPERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
WOS KeywordNEGATIVE SYNDROME SCALE ; SELF-REPORTED EMPATHY ; COGNITIVE FUNCTION ; 1ST-EPISODE PSYCHOSIS ; SOCIAL COGNITION ; 5-FACTOR MODEL ; RISK-FACTORS ; 1ST EPISODE ; FOLLOW-UP ; METAANALYSIS
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Cited Times:1[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/31383
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorZhang, Xiang Yang
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.China Univ Geosci, Res Ctr Psychol & Hlth Sci, Wuhan, Peoples R China
4.Huazhong Univ Sci & Technol, Affiliated Wuhan Mental Hlth Ctr, Tongji Med Coll, Wuhan, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Corresponding Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, Wenjia,Zhou, Yongjie,Wang, Jiesi,et al. Prevalence, clinical correlates of suicide attempt and its relationship with empathy in patients with schizophrenia[J]. PROGRESS IN NEURO-PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY & BIOLOGICAL PSYCHIATRY,2020,99:7.
APA Wang, Wenjia.,Zhou, Yongjie.,Wang, Jiesi.,Xu, Hang.,Wei, Shuochi.,...&Zhang, Xiang Yang.(2020).Prevalence, clinical correlates of suicide attempt and its relationship with empathy in patients with schizophrenia.PROGRESS IN NEURO-PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY & BIOLOGICAL PSYCHIATRY,99,7.
MLA Wang, Wenjia,et al."Prevalence, clinical correlates of suicide attempt and its relationship with empathy in patients with schizophrenia".PROGRESS IN NEURO-PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY & BIOLOGICAL PSYCHIATRY 99(2020):7.
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