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Differences in visual-spatial working memory and driving behavior between morning-type and evening-type drivers
Ge, Yan1,2; Sheng, Biying1,2; Qu, Weina1,2; Xiong, Yuexing1,2; Sun, Xianghong1,2; Zhang, Kan1,2
First AuthorGe, Yan
Correspondent Emailquwn@psych.ac.cn (w. qu)
2020-03-01
Source PublicationACCIDENT ANALYSIS AND PREVENTION
ISSN0001-4575
Subtypearticle
Volume136Pages:9
QuartileQ1
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

Circadian rhythms are changes in life activities over a cycle of approximately 24 hours. Studies on chronotypes have found that there are significant differences in physiology, personality, cognitive ability and driving behavior between morning-type and evening-type people. The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between visual-spatial working memory and driving behavior between morning-type and evening-type drivers in China. A total of 42 Chinese drivers were selected to participate in this study according to their score on the Momingness-Eveningness Questionnaire, including 22 morning-type drivers and 20 evening-type drivers. During the experiment, the participants completed one cognitive task (visual-spatial working memory), two simulated driving tasks (car-following task and pedestrian-crossing task), and the Dula Dangerous Driving Index (DDDI). The results showed that evening-type drivers self-reported more dangerous driving behaviors but had better lateral control on the simulated driving task than morning-type drivers. In addition, evening-type drivers had greater accuracy when performing the visual-spatial working memory task. Moreover, the accuracy on the visual-spatial working memory task positively predicted the percentage of time over the speed limit by 10 mph (POS10) and negatively correlated with the reaction time measure (time to meet pedestrians) in the pedestrian-crossing task. The relationships among chronotype, cognitive ability and driving behavior are also discussed. Understanding the underlying mechanisms could help explain why evening-type drivers perform dangerous driving behaviors more often.

Keywordchronotype visual-spatial working memory driving simulator dangerous driving behaviors
DOI10.1016/j.aap.2019.105402
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Key Research and Development Plan ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Pioneer Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Feature Institutes Program ; Basic Project of National Science and Technology of China
Funding ProjectNational Key Research and Development Plan[2017YFB0802800] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[31400886] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[31771225] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[U1736220] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[71971073] ; Pioneer Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Feature Institutes Program[TSS-2015-06] ; Basic Project of National Science and Technology of China[2009FY110100]
WOS Research AreaEngineering ; Public, Environmental & Occupational Health ; Social Sciences - Other Topics ; Transportation
WOS SubjectErgonomics ; Public, Environmental & Occupational Health ; Social Sciences, Interdisciplinary ; Transportation
WOS IDWOS:000514253000002
PublisherPERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
WOS KeywordSITUATION AWARENESS ; CIRCADIAN-RHYTHMS ; COGNITIVE-ABILITIES ; SLEEP-DEPRIVATION ; TIME ; PERFORMANCE ; CHRONOTYPE ; CORTISOL ; PEOPLE ; ATTENTION
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/31407
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorQu, Weina
Affiliation1.Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Behavioral Science, CAS
Corresponding Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Behavioral Science, CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Ge, Yan,Sheng, Biying,Qu, Weina,et al. Differences in visual-spatial working memory and driving behavior between morning-type and evening-type drivers[J]. ACCIDENT ANALYSIS AND PREVENTION,2020,136:9.
APA Ge, Yan,Sheng, Biying,Qu, Weina,Xiong, Yuexing,Sun, Xianghong,&Zhang, Kan.(2020).Differences in visual-spatial working memory and driving behavior between morning-type and evening-type drivers.ACCIDENT ANALYSIS AND PREVENTION,136,9.
MLA Ge, Yan,et al."Differences in visual-spatial working memory and driving behavior between morning-type and evening-type drivers".ACCIDENT ANALYSIS AND PREVENTION 136(2020):9.
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