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Creative Mindsets: Scale Validation in the Chinese Setting and Generalization to the Real Workplace
Zhou, Yiyong1,2; Yang, Wa3; Bai, Xinwen1
First AuthorZhou, Yiyong
Correspondent Emailxinwen bai baixw@psych.ac.cn
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

Creative mindsets reflect the implicit beliefs individuals hold regarding the nature of creativity as innate (i.e., fixed mindset) or malleable (i.e., growth mindset). Karwowski (2014) developed the Creative Mindsets Scale (CMS), in which fixed and growth creative mindsets were each measured with five items. Across three studies, the current study aimed to examine its psychometric properties in Chinese settings and to explore to what extent effects of creative mindsets on creativity were generalized to the real workplace. Based on the survey data of 216 college students (Study 1) and 205 full-time employees (Study 2) in China, results consistently indicated that a two-factor structure, in which both types of creative mindsets were independent of each other, was confirmed. Measures of both types of creative mindsets were of satisfactory psychometric features in terms of reliability (internal consistency) and validity (construct, convergent, and discriminant validities). Furthermore, Study 1 provided evidence for the incremental validity of creative mindsets beyond mindsets of intelligence in explaining creative personal identity and creative self-efficacy. Based on a third independent sample consisting of 282 full-time employees from several Chinese companies, Study 3 further demonstrated that measures of creative mindsets could predict employees' creative performance as rated by their supervisors, lending additional support for their generalizability to the real workplace. Moreover, growth mindset, but not fixed mindset, was significantly related to creative performance, and such an effect was mediated by effort. The present study contributes to the creative mindset literature by cross-validating the CMS's psychometric properties in a new setting and empirically establishing the link between creative mindsets and employees' creativity in the real workplace.

Keywordgrowth fixed creative mindsets scale development Chinese settings implicit theories creativity
2020-03-26
Language英语
DOI10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00463
Source PublicationFRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN1664-1078
Volume11Pages:13
Subtypearticle
Indexed BySCI
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[71871214]
PublisherFRONTIERS MEDIA SA
WOS KeywordIMPLICIT THEORIES ; SELF-EFFICACY ; EMPLOYEE CREATIVITY ; DUAL PATHWAY ; ACHIEVEMENT GOALS ; GROWTH MINDSET ; INTELLIGENCE ; PERFORMANCE ; IDENTITY ; INTERVENTIONS
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000525599600001
QuartileQ2
Citation statistics
Cited Times:1[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/31580
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorBai, Xinwen
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Renmin Univ China, Sch Lab & Human Resources, Beijing, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Behavioral Science, CAS
Corresponding Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Behavioral Science, CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhou, Yiyong,Yang, Wa,Bai, Xinwen. Creative Mindsets: Scale Validation in the Chinese Setting and Generalization to the Real Workplace[J]. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,2020,11:13.
APA Zhou, Yiyong,Yang, Wa,&Bai, Xinwen.(2020).Creative Mindsets: Scale Validation in the Chinese Setting and Generalization to the Real Workplace.FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,11,13.
MLA Zhou, Yiyong,et al."Creative Mindsets: Scale Validation in the Chinese Setting and Generalization to the Real Workplace".FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY 11(2020):13.
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