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Political disagreement in the classroom: Testing cultural theory with observational methods
M. Aenne Schoop1; Marco Verweij2; Ulrich Kühnen2; Shenghua Luan3
First AuthorSchoop, A.
Correspondent Emailm.verweij@jacobs‐university.de
Contribution Rank3
Abstract

The cultural theory pioneered by Dame Mary Douglas has been tested with a range of research methods, but it has not yet been made subject to a ‘structured observation’. This method has been developed in psychology and management studies, and is especially use‑ ful for testing cultural theory’s prediction that fatalistic, hierarchical, egalitarian, and indi‑ vidualistic ways of perceiving and justifying tend to emerge in group debates about press‑ ing social and environmental issues. We present the results of a structured observation of this prediction. Groups of high school students (aged 17–19) were asked for their opinions concerning three to fve ‘wicked’ (i.e., highly complex) problems, and to discuss how to resolve them. Each utterance was coded according to the rationalities proposed by cultural theory. The results confrm cultural theory’s hypothesis that all four specifc ways of defn‑ ing, perceiving and resolving a wicked problem emerge when a number of people debate such an issue. We also discuss how Douglas’ cultural theory can be further developed and tested. Finally, we use our study to outline how the method of structured observation can contribute to political culture research in general.

KeywordMary Douglas’ cultural theory Wicked problems Structured observation
2020
Language英语
DOIhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s11135-019-00903-8
Source PublicationQuality and Quantity
ISSN0033-5177
Volume54Pages:623–643
SubtypeArticle
URL查看原文
Indexed BySSCI ; SSCI
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/31773
Collection中国科学院心理研究所
Corresponding AuthorM. Aenne Schoop
Affiliation1.Bremen International Graduate School of Social Sciences, Campus Ring 1, 28759 Bremen, Germany
2.Department of Social Sciences and Humanities, Jacobs University, Campus Ring 1, 28759 Bremen, Germany
3.Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 16 Lincui Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100101, China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
M. Aenne Schoop,Marco Verweij,Ulrich Kühnen,et al. Political disagreement in the classroom: Testing cultural theory with observational methods[J]. Quality and Quantity,2020,54:623–643.
APA M. Aenne Schoop,Marco Verweij,Ulrich Kühnen,&Shenghua Luan.(2020).Political disagreement in the classroom: Testing cultural theory with observational methods.Quality and Quantity,54,623–643.
MLA M. Aenne Schoop,et al."Political disagreement in the classroom: Testing cultural theory with observational methods".Quality and Quantity 54(2020):623–643.
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