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The altered early components and the decisive later process underlying attention bias modification in social anxiety: evidence from event-related potentials.
Pan Dong-ni1,2; Wang Yi1,2; Zheng Lei1,2; Wang Yang1,2; Li Xuebing1,2
First AuthorPan Dong-ni
Correspondent Emaillixb@psych.ac.cn
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

Attention bias modification (ABM) is a potential intervention in relieving social anxiety symptoms, while its underlying neural mechanisms are not yet understood. The current study included 63 college students with social anxiety. Participants were assigned to the attention modification program (AMP, n = 20), the attention control condition (ACC, n = 20) and the passive waiting group (PW, n = 23). Questionnaires and the emotional Stroop task with EEG recordings were used to assess whether and how the 4-week ABM period affected emotional symptoms and specific emotional processing. Results showed that the two training groups (AMP and ACC) produced comparable emotional improvements and both showed a decrease in negative bias compared with the PW group. The ERP results indicated that despite no significant ERP changes in the PW group, the ACC group exhibited a greater N1, whereas the AMP group exhibited a reduced VPP at the post-test stage compared to the pre-test stage. Besides, both training groups showed a similar late positive potential (LPP) reduction. Notably, the reduction in LPP was positively correlated with behavioral and symptom improvement. Thus, manipulations unique to ABM (face-target contingency) primarily modulate the early attention distribution of material-related stimuli. However, the clinical benefits of attention training may be due to later cognitive-affective mechanisms.

KeywordAttention bias modification social anxiety event-related potentials interpretation bias transfer effect
2019-12
Language英语
DOI10.1093/scan/nsz098
Source PublicationSocial Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
ISSN1749-5024
Volume14Issue:12Pages:1307–1316
SubtypeArticle
Indexed BySCI
QuartileQ1
Citation statistics
Cited Times:1[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/31776
Collection中国科学院心理研究所
Corresponding AuthorLi Xuebing
Affiliation1.Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China,
2.Department of Psychology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 10049, China
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Pan Dong-ni,Wang Yi,Zheng Lei,et al. The altered early components and the decisive later process underlying attention bias modification in social anxiety: evidence from event-related potentials.[J]. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience,2019,14(12):1307–1316.
APA Pan Dong-ni,Wang Yi,Zheng Lei,Wang Yang,&Li Xuebing.(2019).The altered early components and the decisive later process underlying attention bias modification in social anxiety: evidence from event-related potentials..Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience,14(12),1307–1316.
MLA Pan Dong-ni,et al."The altered early components and the decisive later process underlying attention bias modification in social anxiety: evidence from event-related potentials.".Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience 14.12(2019):1307–1316.
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