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When expanding training from working memory to emotional working memory: not only improving explicit emotion regulation but also implicit negative control for anxious individuals
Pan Dong-ni1,2; Hoid Delhii1,2; Wang Xiao-bo1,2; Jia Zhuo1,2; Li Xuebing1,2
First AuthorPan Dong-ni
Correspondent Emaillixb@psych.ac.cn
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

Background
The effect of working memory training has been found to transfer to emotional wellbeing, despite some debate on whether an affective component in training is necessary to achieve specific emotion
related benefits. These novel cognitive trainings have not yet been tested in highly anxious individuals, who have deficits in implicit and explicit emotional regulation and should be the potential beneficiaries of these trainings.
Methods
We designed two types of mobile phone-based training applications: (1) working memory training (WM-T) and (2) an emotional working memory training (EWM-T) that comprised of negative face distraction. Ninety-eight participants (33, WM-T; 35, EWM-T; 30, Control group) with high trait anxiety completed the 21-day intervention or placebo program and conducted pre- and post-test procedures, including questionnaires, emotional regulation and emotional Stroop tasks alongside electroencephalogram recording. Late positive potential (LPP) in emotion regulation task and P3 in
emotional Stroop task were adopted as neutral indicators for the explicit and implicit affective regulation/control processing.
Results
Those who had received training (WM-T and EWM-T) showed enhanced explicit regulation (indexed by reduced LPP during reappraisal) compared with the control. Besides, individuals in EWM-T showed reduced behavioral attention bias and a decline of P3 in response to negative faces
in emotional Stroop task. The altered neural indicators were correlated with corresponding behavior indexes that contributed to the anxiety alleviation.
Conclusions
The general WM-T was effective in enhancing explicit emotional regulation, while training with emotional add-in further improved implicit emotional control. (E)WM-T shows potential as a beneficial intervention for the anxiety population.

2020
Language英语
Source PublicationPsychological Medicine
Pages1
SubtypeArticle
Indexed BySCI
QuartileQ1
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/31778
Collection中国科学院心理研究所
Corresponding AuthorLi Xuebing
Affiliation1.Key laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
2.Department of Psychology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 10049, China
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Pan Dong-ni,Hoid Delhii,Wang Xiao-bo,et al. When expanding training from working memory to emotional working memory: not only improving explicit emotion regulation but also implicit negative control for anxious individuals[J]. Psychological Medicine,2020:1.
APA Pan Dong-ni,Hoid Delhii,Wang Xiao-bo,Jia Zhuo,&Li Xuebing.(2020).When expanding training from working memory to emotional working memory: not only improving explicit emotion regulation but also implicit negative control for anxious individuals.Psychological Medicine,1.
MLA Pan Dong-ni,et al."When expanding training from working memory to emotional working memory: not only improving explicit emotion regulation but also implicit negative control for anxious individuals".Psychological Medicine (2020):1.
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letter of acceptance(23KB)其他 限制开放CC BY-NC-SAApplication Full Text
PSM-D-20-00386_R3.pd(3487KB)期刊论文作者接受稿限制开放CC BY-NC-SAApplication Full Text
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