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The nature of occupational gaps and relationship with mood, psychosocial functioning and self-discrepancy after severe traumatic brain injury
Beadle, Elizabeth Jane1; Ownsworth, Tamara1; Fleming, Jennifer2; Shum, David H. K.1,3
First AuthorBeadle, Elizabeth Jane
Correspondent Emailelizabeth.beadle@griffithuni.edu.au
2020-05-07
Source PublicationDISABILITY AND REHABILITATION
ISSN0963-8288
Subtypearticle
Volume42Issue:10Pages:1414-1422
Contribution Rank3
Abstract

Purpose: To examine the nature of occupational gaps and desired re-engagement following severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), and the relationship to mood, self-discrepancy, and psychosocial functioning. Materials and methods: Fifty-nine adults with severe TBI (73% male, M age = 36.50, SD = 12.54) were administered measures of past, current, and desired occupations (Occupational Gaps Questionnaire), mood (Depression Stress and Anxiety Scale - 21), and self-discrepancy (Head Injury Semantic Differential Scale - version 3). Psychosocial functioning was rated by relatives on the Sydney Psychosocial Reintegration Questionnaire. Results: Participants reported that they engaged in significantly fewer occupations than prior to their injury (p < 0.001). Further, they participated in fewer occupations than they desired (p < 0.001). Desired re-engagement was identified for 18 of the 30 occupations (e.g., working, sports, managing personal finances, and supporting others). A higher number of these re-engagement gaps was significantly related to greater anxiety (r = 0.30, p < 0.05) and lower psychosocial functioning (r = -0.29, p < 0.05). A mediation analysis revealed that re-engagement gaps were indirectly related to self-discrepancy through an association with anxiety. Conclusions: Occupational gaps are commonly experienced after severe traumatic brain injury. Lack of engagement in desired occupations is associated with greater anxiety and poorer psychosocial functioning. Anxiety regarding these gaps may contribute to negative comparisons between one's pre-injury and post-injury self. Identification of occupational gaps and their psychological impact may guide the focus of client-centred rehabilitation approaches.

KeywordTraumatic brain injury occupational participation rehabilitation self-discrepancy psychosocial function
DOI10.1080/09638288.2018.1527954
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaRehabilitation
WOS SubjectRehabilitation
WOS IDWOS:000533029800008
PublisherTAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD
WOS KeywordRANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL ; EVERYDAY LIFE ; INTERVENTION ; INDIVIDUALS ; DEPRESSION ; ANXIETY ; HOME ; REHABILITATION ; TRANSITION ; MEDIATION
Citation statistics
Cited Times:2[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/31844
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorBeadle, Elizabeth Jane
Affiliation1.Griffith Univ, Menzies Hlth Inst Queensland, Sch Appl Psychol, Mt Gravatt, Qld, Australia
2.Univ Queensland, Sch Hlth & Rehabil Sci, St Lucia, Qld, Australia
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Neuropsychol & Appl Cognit Neurosci Lab, CAS Key Lab Mental Hlth, Inst Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Beadle, Elizabeth Jane,Ownsworth, Tamara,Fleming, Jennifer,et al. The nature of occupational gaps and relationship with mood, psychosocial functioning and self-discrepancy after severe traumatic brain injury[J]. DISABILITY AND REHABILITATION,2020,42(10):1414-1422.
APA Beadle, Elizabeth Jane,Ownsworth, Tamara,Fleming, Jennifer,&Shum, David H. K..(2020).The nature of occupational gaps and relationship with mood, psychosocial functioning and self-discrepancy after severe traumatic brain injury.DISABILITY AND REHABILITATION,42(10),1414-1422.
MLA Beadle, Elizabeth Jane,et al."The nature of occupational gaps and relationship with mood, psychosocial functioning and self-discrepancy after severe traumatic brain injury".DISABILITY AND REHABILITATION 42.10(2020):1414-1422.
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