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The Brief Intervention Effect of Metaphorical Cognitive Restructuring on Alleviating Mental Distress: A Randomised Controlled Experiment
Jinghan Hu1,2; Wencai Zhang1,2; Jianxin Zhang1,2; Fei Yu1,2; Xiaoyu Zhang1,2
First AuthorJinghan Hu
Correspondent Emailzhangwc@psych.ac.cn
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

Background Methods Metaphors may provide clarity or identify hidden similarities between two ideas, and their use in cognitive restructuring can help maximise the effect of therapy information. This study aimed to determine whether metaphorical cognitive restructuring would produce a greater intervention effect in targeted mood and cognition than non-metaphorical restructuring. Eighty-eight participants chose 25 problems of interest and wrote a self-report distress problem and were then randomly divided into a metaphorical restructuring group (N = 29), a literal restructuring group (N = 30), or a no restructuring problem restating group (N = 29). Participants first read a description of psychological distress ("problem") and then read a solution within one micro-counseling scenario. They were asked to evaluate their insightfulness during the intervention and evaluated mental distress and self-efficacy before and after the intervention. Results Conclusions The mental distress of the metaphorical restructuring group significantly decreased after the intervention. Further, this group had greater insightfulness during the intervention, and this insightfulness could predict the reduction of negative affect after the intervention. The use of metaphors can be of great value in eliciting a salient cognitive restructuring process and in alleviating mental distress.

Keywordcognitive restructuring insightfulness intervention mental distress metaphor
2018-07
DOI10.1111/aphw.12133
Source PublicationApplied Psychology: Health & Well-Being
ISSN1758-0846
Volume10Issue:3Pages:414-433
Subtypearticle
Indexed BySSCI ; SSCI
Citation statistics
Cited Times:1[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/31885
Collection中国科学院心理研究所
Corresponding AuthorJinghan Hu
Affiliation1.Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, PR China
2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, PR China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Jinghan Hu,Wencai Zhang,Jianxin Zhang,et al. The Brief Intervention Effect of Metaphorical Cognitive Restructuring on Alleviating Mental Distress: A Randomised Controlled Experiment[J]. Applied Psychology: Health & Well-Being,2018,10(3):414-433.
APA Jinghan Hu,Wencai Zhang,Jianxin Zhang,Fei Yu,&Xiaoyu Zhang.(2018).The Brief Intervention Effect of Metaphorical Cognitive Restructuring on Alleviating Mental Distress: A Randomised Controlled Experiment.Applied Psychology: Health & Well-Being,10(3),414-433.
MLA Jinghan Hu,et al."The Brief Intervention Effect of Metaphorical Cognitive Restructuring on Alleviating Mental Distress: A Randomised Controlled Experiment".Applied Psychology: Health & Well-Being 10.3(2018):414-433.
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