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A gifted SNARC? Directional spatial-numerical associations in gifted children with high-level math skills do not differ from controls
He, Yunfeng1,2; Nuerk, Hans-Christoph2,3,4; Derksen, Alexander2; Shi, Jiannong5,6,7; Zhou, Xinlin8,9,10,11; Cipora, Krzysztof2,3,12
Abstract

The SNARC (Spatial-Numerical Association of Response Codes) effect (i.e., a tendency to associate small/large magnitude numbers with the left/right hand side) is prevalent across the whole lifespan. Because the ability to relate numbers to space has been viewed as a cornerstone in the development of mathematical skills, the relationship between the SNARC effect and math skills has been frequently examined. The results remain largely inconsistent. Studies testing groups of people with very low or very high skill levels in math sometimes found relationships between SNARC and math skills. So far, however, studies testing such extreme math skills level groups were mostly investigating the SNARC effect in individuals revealing math difficulties. Groups with above average math skills remain understudied, especially in regard to children. Here, we investigate the SNARC effect in gifted children, as compared to normally developing children (overall n = 165). Frequentist and Bayesian analysis suggested that the groups did not differ from each other in the SNARC effect. These results are the first to provide evidence for the SNARC effect in a relatively large sample of gifted (and mathematically highly skilled) children. In sum, our study provides another piece of evidence for no direct link between the SNARC effect and mathematical ability in childhood.

2020-05-24
Language英语
DOI10.1007/s00426-020-01354-9
Source PublicationPSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH-PSYCHOLOGISCHE FORSCHUNG
ISSN0340-0727
Pages17
Indexed BySCI
Funding ProjectChina Scholarship Council[201806800002] ; Science and Technology Agency of Liaoning[20170520278] ; Liaoning University[LDQN2017006] ; DFG[NU 265/3-1] ; LEAD Graduate School & Research Network of the Excellence Initiative of the German federal government[GSC1028] ; LEAD Graduate School & Research Network of the Excellence Initiative of the German state government[GSC1028]
PublisherSPRINGER HEIDELBERG
WOS KeywordMENTAL NUMBER LINE ; ARITHMETIC PERFORMANCE ; PROCESSING EFFICIENCY ; PRELITERATE CHILDREN ; FORMAL OPERATIONS ; ARABIC NUMERALS ; REPRESENTATION ; SPACE ; MAGNITUDE ; PARITY
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Experimental
WOS IDWOS:000535156100001
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/31957
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorShi, Jiannong; Cipora, Krzysztof
Affiliation1.Liaoning Univ, Student Psychol Counseling Ctr, Shenyang, Peoples R China
2.Univ Tubingen, Dept Psychol, Tubingen, Germany
3.Univ Tubingen, LEAD Grad Sch & Res Network, Tubingen, Germany
4.Leibniz Inst Wissensmedien, Tubingen, Germany
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Behav Sci, 16 Lincui Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
6.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
7.Aalborg Univ, Dept Learning & Philosophy, Aalborg, Denmark
8.Beijing Normal Univ, State Key Lab Cognit Neurosci & Learning, Beijing, Peoples R China
9.Beijing Normal Univ, IDG McGovern Inst Brain Res, Beijing, Peoples R China
10.Beijing Normal Univ, Adv Innovat Ctr Future Educ, Beijing, Peoples R China
11.Beijing Normal Univ, Siegler Ctr Innovat Learning, Beijing, Peoples R China
12.Loughborough Univ, Ctr Math Cognit, Loughborough LE 3TU, Leics, England
Corresponding Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Behavioral Science, CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
He, Yunfeng,Nuerk, Hans-Christoph,Derksen, Alexander,et al. A gifted SNARC? Directional spatial-numerical associations in gifted children with high-level math skills do not differ from controls[J]. PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH-PSYCHOLOGISCHE FORSCHUNG,2020:17.
APA He, Yunfeng,Nuerk, Hans-Christoph,Derksen, Alexander,Shi, Jiannong,Zhou, Xinlin,&Cipora, Krzysztof.(2020).A gifted SNARC? Directional spatial-numerical associations in gifted children with high-level math skills do not differ from controls.PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH-PSYCHOLOGISCHE FORSCHUNG,17.
MLA He, Yunfeng,et al."A gifted SNARC? Directional spatial-numerical associations in gifted children with high-level math skills do not differ from controls".PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH-PSYCHOLOGISCHE FORSCHUNG (2020):17.
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