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The altered early components and the decisive later process underlying attention bias modification in social anxiety: evidence from event-related potentials
Pan, Dong-ni1,2; Wang, Yi1,2; Lei, Zheng1,2; Wang, Yang1,2; Li, Xuebing1,2
Corresponding AuthorLi, Xuebing(lixb@psych.ac.cn)
2019-12-01
Source PublicationSOCIAL COGNITIVE AND AFFECTIVE NEUROSCIENCE
ISSN1749-5016
Volume14Issue:12Pages:1307-1316
AbstractAttention bias modification (ABM) is a potential intervention in relieving social anxiety symptoms, while its underlying neural mechanisms are not yet understood. The current study included 63 college students with social anxiety. Participants were assigned to the attention modification program (AMP, n = 20), the attention control condition (ACC, n = 20) and the passive waiting group (PW, n = 23). Questionnaires and the emotional Stroop task with EEG recordings were used to assess whether and how the 4-week ABM period affected emotional symptoms and specific emotional processing. Results showed that the two training groups (AMP and ACC) produced comparable emotional improvements and both showed a decrease in negative bias compared with the PW group. The ERP results indicated that despite no significant ERP changes in the PW group, the ACC group exhibited a greater N1, whereas the AMP group exhibited a reduced VPP at the post-test stage compared to the pre-test stage. Besides, both training groups showed a similar late positive potential (LPP) reduction. Notably, the reduction in LPP was positively correlated with behavioral and symptom improvement. Thus, manipulations unique to ABM (face-target contingency) primarily modulate the early attention distribution of material-related stimuli. However, the clinical benefits of attention training may be due to later cognitive-affective mechanisms.
KeywordAttention bias modification social anxiety event-related potentials interpretation bias transfer effect
DOI10.1093/scan/nsz098
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Nature Science Foundation of China
Funding ProjectNational Nature Science Foundation of China[NSFC 31671136] ; National Nature Science Foundation of China[31530031]
WOS Research AreaNeurosciences & Neurology ; Psychology
WOS SubjectNeurosciences ; Psychology ; Psychology, Experimental
WOS IDWOS:000536534300006
PublisherOXFORD UNIV PRESS
WOS KeywordDIFFICULTY DISENGAGING ATTENTION ; EMOTIONAL STROOP TASK ; FACIAL EXPRESSIONS ; NEURAL MECHANISMS ; MODIFICATION ABM ; SINGLE-SESSION ; PHOBIA ; THREAT ; FACE ; OBJECT
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/31973
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorLi, Xuebing
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Mental Hlth, 16 Lincui Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing 10049, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Corresponding Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Pan, Dong-ni,Wang, Yi,Lei, Zheng,et al. The altered early components and the decisive later process underlying attention bias modification in social anxiety: evidence from event-related potentials[J]. SOCIAL COGNITIVE AND AFFECTIVE NEUROSCIENCE,2019,14(12):1307-1316.
APA Pan, Dong-ni,Wang, Yi,Lei, Zheng,Wang, Yang,&Li, Xuebing.(2019).The altered early components and the decisive later process underlying attention bias modification in social anxiety: evidence from event-related potentials.SOCIAL COGNITIVE AND AFFECTIVE NEUROSCIENCE,14(12),1307-1316.
MLA Pan, Dong-ni,et al."The altered early components and the decisive later process underlying attention bias modification in social anxiety: evidence from event-related potentials".SOCIAL COGNITIVE AND AFFECTIVE NEUROSCIENCE 14.12(2019):1307-1316.
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