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Perceptual integration and the composite face effect
Liu, Chang Hong1; Young, Andrew W.2; Basra, Govina1; Ren, Naixin3; Chen, Wenfeng4
First AuthorLiu, Chang Hong
Correspondent Emailwchen@ruc.edu.cn
Contribution Rank3
Abstract

The composite face paradigm is widely used to investigate holistic perception of faces. In the paradigm, parts from different faces (usually the top and bottom halves) are recombined. The principal criterion for holistic perception is that responses involving the component parts of composites in which the parts are aligned into a face-like configuration are disrupted compared with the same parts in a misaligned (not face-like) format. This is often taken as evidence that seeing a whole face in the aligned condition interferes with perceiving its separate parts, but the extent to which the effect is perceptually driven remains unclear. We used salient perceptual categories of gender (male or female) and race (Asian or Caucasian appearance) to create composite stimuli from parts of faces that varied orthogonally on these characteristics. In Experiment 1, participants categorised the gender of the parts of aligned composite and misaligned images created from parts with the same (congruent) or different (incongruent) gender and the same (congruent) or different (incongruent) race. In Experiment 2, the same stimuli were used but the task changed to categorising race. In both experiments, there was a strong influence of the task-relevant manipulation on the composite effect, with slower responses to aligned stimuli with incongruent gender in Experiment 1 and incongruent race in Experiment 2. In contrast, the task-irrelevant variable (race in Experiment 1, gender in Experiment 2) did not exert much influence on the composite effect in either experiment. These findings show that although holistic integration of salient visual properties makes a strong contribution to the composite face effect, it clearly also involves targeted processing of an attended visual characteristic.

KeywordComposite effect holistic processing face perception face gender face race
2020-07-01
Language英语
DOI10.1177/1747021819899531
Source PublicationQUARTERLY JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN1747-0218
Volume73Issue:7Pages:1101-1114
Subtypearticle
Indexed BySCI
Funding ProjectFundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities ; Renmin University of China[18XNLG10] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[31371031] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[61632004]
PublisherSAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD
WOS KeywordCONFIGURAL INFORMATION ; CULTURAL-DIFFERENCES ; FACIAL EXPRESSIONS ; RACE ; ATTENTION ; SIMILARITIES ; RECOGNITION ; IDENTITY ; GENDER ; BRAIN
WOS Research AreaPsychology ; Physiology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Biological ; Physiology ; Psychology ; Psychology, Experimental
WOS IDWOS:000546993700009
QuartileQ2
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/32178
Collection脑与认知科学国家重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorChen, Wenfeng
Affiliation1.Bournemouth Univ, Dept Psychol, Poole, Dorset, England
2.Univ York, Dept Psychol, York, N Yorkshire, England
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, State Key Lab Brain & Cognit Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Renmin Univ China, Dept Psychol, 59 Zhongguancun St, Beijing 100872, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Liu, Chang Hong,Young, Andrew W.,Basra, Govina,et al. Perceptual integration and the composite face effect[J]. QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY,2020,73(7):1101-1114.
APA Liu, Chang Hong,Young, Andrew W.,Basra, Govina,Ren, Naixin,&Chen, Wenfeng.(2020).Perceptual integration and the composite face effect.QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY,73(7),1101-1114.
MLA Liu, Chang Hong,et al."Perceptual integration and the composite face effect".QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY 73.7(2020):1101-1114.
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