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科技工作者心理健康状况及影响因素
Alternative TitleMental health status and the risk/protective factors of Chinese scientific and technological professionals
郭菲1; 王雅芯1; 刘亚男1,2; 翟婧雅1,2; 陈祉妍1
First Author郭菲
Correspondent Emailchenzy@psych.ac.cn
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

心理健康对科技工作者发挥创造力和生产力至关重要。一项针对科技工作者心理健康的大规模调查表明:逾1/5科技工作者存在抑郁表现,10.6%一年内有自杀意念,55.5%具有不同程度的焦虑问题。男性抑郁得分高于女性,中青年、中级职称和无职称科技工作者的抑郁和焦虑程度更高,科研人员抑郁高于支撑和管理人员;工作、经济和生活的压力是科技工作者心理健康的风险因素,工作获得的支持、自我更好的调节、适应和应对能力等是保护因素;目前的心理健康服务工作无法满足科技工作者的相关需要,建议建立和加强相关服务的建设,同时注重相关知识的宣传和普及。

Other Abstract

The scientific and technological professionals are an important innovative and developing power in the framework of the national strategy. Their mental health is vital to ensure their creativity and productivity. To study the mental health state and the risk/protective factors among Chinese scientific and technological professionals, a large survey with over 10,000 samples is conducted in 2019. It is shown that: over 1/5 scientific and technological professionals have depressive symptoms, 10.6% have the suicide ideation in the past year, and 55.5% suffer varying degrees of anxiety, about 8.8% and 4.5% of the professionals have moderate and sever anxieties, respectively. Male professionals have higher level of depression than the female professionals. The young and middle aged professionals have higher level of depression and anxiety than the elder ones. The professionals with middle-level professional titles or without titles have the highest level of depression and anxiety and the higher the titles, the less the risk of suicide ideation. More research professionals have depression than the support and manage professionals; the work stress, and the life stress, such as the financial strain and some stress related to family member issues are the risk factors of the scientific and technological professionals. Meanwhile, the support from colleagues and leaders, the better emotional regulation ability and strategies, the environmental adaption, the coping ability, the better psychical health and more frequent regulation ability and strategies, the environmental adaption, the coping ability, the better psychical health and more frequent exercise are the protective factors. Generally, the scientific and technological professionals have mental health needs and would like to accept mental health services, especially, the highly privacy protected ones. However, there are both objective and subjective obstacles, due to the limited service resources and lack of knowledge of mental health services. At present, the mental health services cannot meet the needs of scientific and technological professionals. Therefore, the mental health services should be implemented and strengthened, and the knowledge of mental health should be popularized.

Keyword科技工作者 心理健康 心理健康服务
2020
Language中文
DOI10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2020.10.026
Source Publication科技导报北京
ISSN1000-7857
Volume38Issue:10Pages:90-102
Subtype期刊论文
Indexed ByCSCD
CSCD IDCSCD:6735479
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/32208
Collection应用研究版块
Affiliation1.中国科学院心理健康重点实验室(中国科学院心理研究所)
2.中国科学院大学
First Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
郭菲,王雅芯,刘亚男,等. 科技工作者心理健康状况及影响因素[J]. 科技导报北京,2020,38(10):90-102.
APA 郭菲,王雅芯,刘亚男,翟婧雅,&陈祉妍.(2020).科技工作者心理健康状况及影响因素.科技导报北京,38(10),90-102.
MLA 郭菲,et al."科技工作者心理健康状况及影响因素".科技导报北京 38.10(2020):90-102.
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