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An Item-Based Analysis of PTSD Emotional Numbing Symptoms in Disaster-Exposed Children and Adolescents
Li, Gen1,2; Wang, Li1,2; Cao, Chengqi3; Fang, Ruojiao1,2; Chen, Chen1,2; Qiao, Xue1,2; Yang, Haibo4; Hall, Brian J.5; Elhai, Jon D.6,7
First AuthorLi, Gen
Correspondent Email(li wang) wangli1@psych.ac.cn
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

This study was designed to investigate the roles of numbing of positive and negative emotions in PTSD symptomology and related functional impairments. 14,465 Chinese children and adolescents who personally experienced the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake (in Sichuan province, China) took part in the study. Emotional numbing and other PTSD symptoms were assessed by the University of California-Los Angeles PTSD Reaction Index for Children. Functional impairment was measured by the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 4.0 Generic Core Scales. Item response theory (IRT) analysis showed that both numbing of positive and negative emotions demonstrated acceptable item response characteristics; numbing of positive emotions had better discrimination. Group comparisons revealed that participants who reported numbing of both positive and negative emotions had the highest risk of developing PTSD, most severe PTSD symptoms and functional impairments, with large effect sizes when compared with participants with no emotional numbing symptoms. Reporting only numbing of positive emotions had moderate effects, and reporting only numbing of negative emotions had smaller effects. The results revealed associations between emotional numbing patterns, posttraumatic stress symptoms and impairments in quality of life, and suggests that additional research is needed to explore generalized emotional numbing in children and adolescents in future PTSD research.

KeywordPost-traumatic stress disorder Emotional dysregulation DSM Natural disaster Quality of life
2020-07-18
Language英语
DOI10.1007/s10802-020-00677-w
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF ABNORMAL CHILD PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN0091-0627
Volume48Issue:10Pages:1303–1311
Subtypearticle
Indexed BySCI
Funding ProjectExternal Cooperation Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences[153111KYSB20160036] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[31471004] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[31971020] ; Key Project of Research Base of Humanities and Social Sciences of Ministry of Education[16JJD190006] ; Key Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[ZDRW-XH-2019-4] ; Beijing Municipal Science and Technology Commission[Z171100000117014] ; Key Project of the National Social Science Foundation of China[20ZDA079]
PublisherSPRINGER/PLENUM PUBLISHERS
WOS KeywordPOSTTRAUMATIC-STRESS-DISORDER ; TRAUMA EXPOSURE ; DSM-5 ; SYMPTOMATOLOGY ; RESILIENCE ; BEHAVIORS ; PATTERNS ; AROUSAL ; MODEL ; FEAR
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Clinical ; Psychology, Developmental
WOS IDWOS:000549796700001
QuartileQ1
Citation statistics
Cited Times:1[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/32275
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorWang, Li
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Lab Traumat Stress Studies, CAS Key Lab Mental Hlth, 16 Lincui Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Shenzhen Univ, Shenzhen Key Lab Affect & Social Cognit Sci, Shenzhen, Peoples R China
4.Tianjin Normal Univ, Acad Psychol & Behav, Tianjin, Peoples R China
5.New York Univ Shanghai, Shanghai, Peoples R China
6.Univ Toledo, Dept Psychol, Toledo, OH 43606 USA
7.Univ Toledo, Dept Psychiat, 2801 W Bancroft St, Toledo, OH 43606 USA
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Li, Gen,Wang, Li,Cao, Chengqi,et al. An Item-Based Analysis of PTSD Emotional Numbing Symptoms in Disaster-Exposed Children and Adolescents[J]. JOURNAL OF ABNORMAL CHILD PSYCHOLOGY,2020,48(10):1303–1311.
APA Li, Gen.,Wang, Li.,Cao, Chengqi.,Fang, Ruojiao.,Chen, Chen.,...&Elhai, Jon D..(2020).An Item-Based Analysis of PTSD Emotional Numbing Symptoms in Disaster-Exposed Children and Adolescents.JOURNAL OF ABNORMAL CHILD PSYCHOLOGY,48(10),1303–1311.
MLA Li, Gen,et al."An Item-Based Analysis of PTSD Emotional Numbing Symptoms in Disaster-Exposed Children and Adolescents".JOURNAL OF ABNORMAL CHILD PSYCHOLOGY 48.10(2020):1303–1311.
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