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Prevalence, risk factors and clinical correlates of depression in quarantined population during the COVID-19 outbreak
Peng, Min1; Mo, Beirong2; Liu, Yansong2; Xu, Mingming2; Song, Xinran1; Liu, Luyu1; Fang, Yeqing2; Guo, Tianyou3; Ye, Jinying3; Yu, Zhijian4,5; Deng, Qiwen4,5; Zhang, Xiangyang6,7
First AuthorPeng, Min
Correspondent Emailqiwendeng@hotmail.com (q. deng) ; zhangxy@psych.ac.cn (x. zhang)
2020-10-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS
ISSN0165-0327
Subtypearticle
Volume275Pages:119-124
QuartileQ1
Contribution Rank6
Abstract

Background: The COVID-19 outbreak has brought tremendous psychological pressure to the general population, which may lead to depression. Therefore, this study aim to evaluate the prevalence and clinical correlates of depressive symptoms in the general population quarantined during the COVID-19 outbreak in Shenzhen. Methods: 2237 quarantined general individuals participated in this cross-sectional study from February 14 to March 4, 2020, during their 14 days quarantine. They completed the Zung's Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS) for depression, Zung's self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) for anxiety, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) for sleep quality, and the Impact of Events Scale-Revised (IES-R) for post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). Results: The prevalence of depressive symptom was 6.21% in quarantined individuals. The depressed group were younger, less married and educated, and had higher SAS, PSQI, IES-R total scores (all p <0.05), as well as more avoidance, intrusion and hyperarousal symptoms than the non-depressed group. Correlation analysis showed significant correlations between SDS score and the following parameters: age, marriage, education, SAS, PSQI, IES-R total and its three subscale scores (Bonferroni corrected all p <0.05). Further multiple regression indicated that age, marriage, education, SAS, PSQI, IES-R total score, Avoidance and Hyperarousal factor were independent predictors of depressive symptom. Limitations: This study adopted a cross-sectional design and used self-report questionnaires. Conclusions: Our results suggest an elevated prevalence of depressive symptom in quarantined general individuals in Shenzhen. Some demographic and clinical variables were associated with depressive symptoms.

KeywordCOVID-19 Quarantine Depression Anxiety Sleep quality Post-traumatic stress symptoms
DOI10.1016/j.jad.2020.06.035
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[31871115]
WOS Research AreaNeurosciences & Neurology ; Psychiatry
WOS SubjectClinical Neurology ; Psychiatry
WOS IDWOS:000552782400018
PublisherELSEVIER
WOS KeywordSLEEP QUALITY INDEX ; ACUTE RESPIRATORY SYNDROME ; OF-LIFE ; SARS CONTROL ; IMPACT ; INSTRUMENT ; TORONTO ; WORKERS
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/32294
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorDeng, Qiwen; Zhang, Xiangyang
Affiliation1.Shenzhen Univ, Dept Psychiat, Shenzhen Nanshan Peoples Hosp, Shenzhen, Peoples R China
2.Shenzhen Univ, Shenzhen Nanshan Peoples Hosp, Shenzhen, Peoples R China
3.Shenzhen Univ, Sch Psychol, Shenzhen, Peoples R China
4.Shenzhen Univ, Dept Infect Dis, Shenzhen Nanshan Peoples Hosp, 89 Taoyuan Rd, Shenzhen 518052, Peoples R China
5.Shenzhen Univ, Shenzhen Nanshan Peoples Hosp, Shenzhen Key Lab Endogenous Infect, 89 Taoyuan Rd, Shenzhen 518052, Peoples R China
6.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Mental Hlth, 16 Lincui Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
7.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
Corresponding Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Peng, Min,Mo, Beirong,Liu, Yansong,et al. Prevalence, risk factors and clinical correlates of depression in quarantined population during the COVID-19 outbreak[J]. JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS,2020,275:119-124.
APA Peng, Min.,Mo, Beirong.,Liu, Yansong.,Xu, Mingming.,Song, Xinran.,...&Zhang, Xiangyang.(2020).Prevalence, risk factors and clinical correlates of depression in quarantined population during the COVID-19 outbreak.JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS,275,119-124.
MLA Peng, Min,et al."Prevalence, risk factors and clinical correlates of depression in quarantined population during the COVID-19 outbreak".JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS 275(2020):119-124.
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