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Better regulatory performance without greater cognitive resource expenditure: The effect of motivational states on self-regulation
Ouyang, Yi1,2; Yang, Guochun2,3; Zhu, Yi4; Tan, Qianbao1; Liu, Xun2,3
First AuthorOuyang, Yi
Correspondent Emailouyangyipsy@163.com (y. ouyang) ; yanggc@psych.ac.cn (g. yang)
2020-11-01
Source PublicationPERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES
ISSN0191-8869
Subtypearticle
Volume166Pages:5
QuartileQ2
Contribution Rank2
Abstract

Although studies have shown better self-regulation for participants in promotion versus prevention-focused states, there remains debate as to whether better regulatory performance requires more cognitive resources. In this study, participants performed a colour-word Stroop task in different motivational states and reported their cognitive effort in Experiment 1, and engaged in a subsequent spatial-word Stroop task to measure their ego depletion in Experiment 2. Results showed that participants in promotion focus neither reported more cognitive effort in Experiment 1 nor suffered worse ego depletion in Experiment 2 than participants in prevention focus. Additionally, the two experiments consistently showed better self-regulation in promotion than prevention focus with no difference in interference effects. This study suggested that self-regulation execution was more effective in promotion than prevention-focused states without greater cognitive resource expenditure, and that increased capacity for conflict identification rather than conflict resolution could account for our findings.

KeywordSelf-regulation Ego depletion Regulatory focus Cognitive effort
DOI10.1016/j.paid.2020.110170
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) ; German Research Foundation (DFG) ; Social Science Fundation of Hunan Province ; Doctoral Fund of Hunan University of Science and Technology
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) ; German Research Foundation (DFG)[NSFC 61621136008/DFG TRR-169] ; Social Science Fundation of Hunan Province[17YBA160] ; Doctoral Fund of Hunan University of Science and Technology
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Social
WOS IDWOS:000551465100014
PublisherPERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
WOS KeywordEGO DEPLETION ; AVOIDANCE MOTIVATION ; LIMITED RESOURCES ; FOCUS ; INTERFERENCE ; PERSPECTIVE ; STRATEGIES ; EXPERIENCE ; MODEL ; FIT
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/32306
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorOuyang, Yi; Yang, Guochun
Affiliation1.Hunan Univ Sci & Technol, Sch Educ, Xiangtan 411201, Peoples R China
2.Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Shenzhen Univ, Coll Psychol & Sociol, Shenzhen, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Behavioral Science, CAS
Corresponding Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Behavioral Science, CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Ouyang, Yi,Yang, Guochun,Zhu, Yi,et al. Better regulatory performance without greater cognitive resource expenditure: The effect of motivational states on self-regulation[J]. PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES,2020,166:5.
APA Ouyang, Yi,Yang, Guochun,Zhu, Yi,Tan, Qianbao,&Liu, Xun.(2020).Better regulatory performance without greater cognitive resource expenditure: The effect of motivational states on self-regulation.PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES,166,5.
MLA Ouyang, Yi,et al."Better regulatory performance without greater cognitive resource expenditure: The effect of motivational states on self-regulation".PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES 166(2020):5.
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