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Effects of Mind-body Exercise on Schizophrenia: A Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis
Gao-Xia Wei1,2,3; Lin Yang4,5; Kellie Imm6; Paul D. Loprinzi7; Lee Smith8; Xiangyang Zhang1; Qian Yu9,10
First AuthorGaoxia Wei
Correspondent Emailyuqianmiss@163.com
2020-08-13
Source PublicationFrontiers in Psychiatry
ISSN1664-0640
SubtypeSchizophrenia
Volume11Issue:819Pages:11
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

Background: Mind–body exercises (MBEs) have been widely accepted as a complementary therapy for the patients with low exercise tolerance. Currently, the number of experimental studies investigating the effect of MBEs for improving symptoms in people with schizophrenia is increasing. However, results are inconsistent.

Methods: We systematically reviewed and meta-analyzed the effects of mind–body exercises on schizophrenia. Seven electronic databases (Pubmed, Web of Science, PsycINFO, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials [CENTRAL], CNKI and Wangfang) were screened through October 2019 and risks of bias of included studies were assessed in Review Manager 5.3.

Results: Meta-analysis on 13 studies with 1,159 patients showed moderately significant effects in favor of mind–body exercise intervention to improve positive symptoms (SMD = 0.31; 95% CI 0.01 to 0.60; p = 0.04), negative symptoms (SMD = 0.37; 95% CI 0.14 to 0.60; p = 0.002), and depression (SMD = 0.88; 95% CI 0.63 to 1.13; p<0.00001). Meta-regression analysis revealed that the improvement in positive symptoms was positively associated with the frequency of intervention (p = 0.04), while a marginally significant correlation was observed between the improved negative symptoms and duration of each session (p = 0.06).

Conclusions: This meta-analysis supports the therapeutic effects of MBEs to aid in the treatment of schizophrenia. Further studies need to incorporate rigorous design and large sample size to identify the optimal type and dose of mind–body exercise to inform clinical practices on MBEs’ recommendations for the management of schizophrenia symptoms.

MOST Discipline Catalogue医学
DOIhttps://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2020.00819
URL查看原文
Indexed BySCI
Degree Discipline心理所排名第一
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/32321
Collection健康与遗传心理学研究室
Affiliation1.Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
2.Key Laboratory of Behavioral Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
3.Department of Psychology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
4.Department of Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention Research, Alberta Health Services, Calgary, AB, Canada
5.Departments of Oncology and Community Health Sciences, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada
6.Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, United States
7.Department of Health, Exercise Science and Recreation Management School of Applied Sciences, The University of Mississippi, Oxford, MS, United States
8.Cambridge Centre for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge, United Kingdom
9.Center for Lifestyle and Mental Health, School of Psychology, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen, China
10.Exercise and Mental Health Laboratory, School of Psychology, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen, China
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Gao-Xia Wei,Lin Yang,Kellie Imm,et al. Effects of Mind-body Exercise on Schizophrenia: A Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis[J]. Frontiers in Psychiatry,2020,11(819):11.
APA Gao-Xia Wei.,Lin Yang.,Kellie Imm.,Paul D. Loprinzi.,Lee Smith.,...&Qian Yu.(2020).Effects of Mind-body Exercise on Schizophrenia: A Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis.Frontiers in Psychiatry,11(819),11.
MLA Gao-Xia Wei,et al."Effects of Mind-body Exercise on Schizophrenia: A Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis".Frontiers in Psychiatry 11.819(2020):11.
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