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Shared mechanisms underlying the location-, word- and arrow-based Simon effects
Luo, Chunming1; Proctor, Robert W.2
First AuthorLuo, Chunming
Correspondent Emailluocm@psych.ac.cn
2020-09-01
Source PublicationPSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH-PSYCHOLOGISCHE FORSCHUNG
ISSN0340-0727
Subtypearticle
Volume84Issue:6Pages:1655-1667
QuartileQ2
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

A left or right keypress response to a relevant stimulus attribute (e.g., color) is faster when irrelevant left or right stimulus-location information corresponds with the correct response than when it does not. This phenomenon, known as the Simon effect, is obtained not only for physical locations, but also location words "left" and "right" and left- or right-pointing arrows. However, these location-, word-, and arrow-based Simon effects show different patterns in the reaction-time (RT) distributions, as evident in delta plots. In the present study, we employed procedures, analysis of survival curves and divergence point analysis, which have not previously been applied to the Simon effect, to investigate differences in time course of these various Simon effects in more detail. Also, we examined whether the diffusion model for conflict tasks (DMC), which assumes that automatic activation of task-irrelevant information occurs in a pulse-like function, can capture not only features of the RT distributions for the location-based Simon effect, to which it has been fit previously, but also features of the word- and arrow-based Simon effects, to which it has not. Results showed different survival curves and earliest, maximum, and latest divergence points for the three Simon effects, but DMC was able to capture the basic features of the RT distributions reflected by delta plot and survival curves for all effects. The results imply that the location-, word-, and arrow-based Simon effects have shared mechanisms, although they have different RT distributions.

DOI10.1007/s00426-019-01175-5
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Science Foundation of China
Funding ProjectNational Science Foundation of China[31470984]
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Experimental
WOS IDWOS:000553086800014
PublisherSPRINGER HEIDELBERG
WOS KeywordTIME-COURSE ; STIMULUS MODE ; EYE-MOVEMENTS ; STROOP ; COMPATIBILITY ; AUTOMATICITY ; INFORMATION ; PERFORMANCE ; OVERLAP ; TASKS
Citation statistics
Cited Times:2[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/32351
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorLuo, Chunming
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, 16 Lincui Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Purdue Univ, Dept Psychol Sci, W Lafayette, IN 47907 USA
First Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Behavioral Science, CAS
Corresponding Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Behavioral Science, CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Luo, Chunming,Proctor, Robert W.. Shared mechanisms underlying the location-, word- and arrow-based Simon effects[J]. PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH-PSYCHOLOGISCHE FORSCHUNG,2020,84(6):1655-1667.
APA Luo, Chunming,&Proctor, Robert W..(2020).Shared mechanisms underlying the location-, word- and arrow-based Simon effects.PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH-PSYCHOLOGISCHE FORSCHUNG,84(6),1655-1667.
MLA Luo, Chunming,et al."Shared mechanisms underlying the location-, word- and arrow-based Simon effects".PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH-PSYCHOLOGISCHE FORSCHUNG 84.6(2020):1655-1667.
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