|Alternative Title||A Fresh Look at the Dark Side of Creativity: The Ego Depletion Perspective on the Relationship between Creative Process Engagement and Unethical Behavior|
为验证这一理论模型，本研究设计了三项子研究。研究1 采用实验室观察研究，在不操纵任何变量的情况下，初步考察创造过程投入是否会导致自我损耗以及不道德行为。研究1 招募了共计81 名大学生被试。结果发现，创造过程投入与自我损耗正相关，而自我损耗与不道德行为正相关，自我损耗中介创造过程投入与不道德行为之间的关系。研究2 采用实验室实验设计，通过两项实验研究建立因果链推论，验证创造过程投入导致自我损耗，而自我损耗又会导致不道德行为这一因果链条。其中，研究2a 招募了67 名大学生被试，研究2b 招募了65 名大学生被试。结果显示，创造过程投入会导致自我损耗，自我损耗又会导致不道德行为，自我损耗中介创造过程投入与不道德行为之间的因果关系。研究3 进行现场研究，采用日记法的方式进一步在工作场所验证创造过程投入 、 自我损耗 、员工不道德行为 三者之间的关系，并且考察理论模型的边界条件 。 共计 138名企业员工被试参与了为期 10天的日记法调查。 结果进一步验证了研究 1和研究 2的结果，即创造过程投入与自我损耗正相关，而自我损耗与不道德行为正相关，自我损耗中介创造过程投入与不道德行为之 间的关系；同时， 创新氛围 可以负向调节这一中介关系。
To win advantages in the fierce market, organizations search for all kinds of methods to promote employees’ creativity. However, while creativity is widely respected, the dark side of creativity begins to receive interests of scholars. As one of the most important dark side of creativity, unethical behavior has received great concerns in recent years. Creativity has many contents, which contains creativity trait, creativity performance, and creative process. Extant studies about the relationship between creativity and unethical behavior mainly refer to creativity trait or creativity performance. Previous studies found that creativity trait was positively related to moral disengagement or rule-breaking mindset, while moral disengagement or rule-breaking mindset would lead to unethical behavior. Other studies found that creativity performance would lead to psychological entitlement, which could also bring about unethical behavior. However, the theories that explain the relationship between creativity trait/performance and unethical behavior may not be compatible in interpreting whether creative process has dark side. Creative process engagement is not an aptitude; thus, it cannot bring about moral disengagement or rule-breaking mindset. What is more, creative process engagement is not a rare thing, because everyone can engage in creative activities. Thus, creative process engagement will not bring about psychological entitlement. In this study, we try to explore the relationship between creative process engagement and unethical behavior. At the same time, we also used the ego depletion theory to interpret why creative process engagement could lead to unethical behavior. By doing so, we may have provided new insights for exploring the relationship between creativity and unethical behavior. Specifically, we argued that creative process engagement would lead to ego depletion, while ego depletion would lead to unethical behavior; ego depletion mediated the relationship between creative process engagement and unethical behavior. At the same time, we also argued that innovation climate would moderate this mediation model.
To test our theoretical model, we designed three studies. Study 1 is an observational study in the laboratory. That is to say, the independent variable is not manipulated but measured in this study. Study 1 recruited 81 participants and observed the relationship among creative process engagement, ego depletion, and unethical behavior. The results revealed that creative process engagement was positively related to ego depletion, ego depletion was positively related to unethical behavior, and ego depletion mediated the relationship between creative process engagement and unethical behavior. Study 2 adopted the experimental design, and it contained two sub-studies. Study 2a has 67 participants, and study 2b has 65 participants. By using two experiments, this study tried to establish the experimental causal chain. In the other words, this study tried to demonstrate the causal relationship among creative process engagement, ego depletion, and unethical behavior. The results revealed that creative process engagement would lead to ego depletion, ego depletion would lead to unethical behavior, and ego depletion mediated the causal relationship between creative process engagement and unethical behavior. Study 3 has 138 participants, and it is a daily-diary study to test the relationship among creative process engagement, ego depletion and unethical behavior. Study 3 also tried to explore the moderating effect of innovation climate on the relationship between creative process engagement and ego depletion. As a result, study 3 cross-validated the theoretical model of study 1 and study 2 in the workplace. In addition, study 3 found that innovation climate could negatively moderate the mediation model.
This study explores the relationship between creativity and unethical behavior from the process perspective, which can help us to comprehensively understand the dark side of creativity. At the same time, by using the ego depletion theory to interpret the dark side of creativity, this study could enhance our understanding of creativity. At last, this study also provides insights of how to prevent unethical behavior of individuals who engage in creative process.
|Keyword||创造力 创造过程投入 阴暗面 不道德行为 自我损耗 自我控制资源|
|Place of Conferral||中国科学院心理研究所|
|明晓东. 创造力阴暗面之新解：创造过程投入导致不道德行为的自我损耗机制[D]. 中国科学院心理研究所. 中国科学院心理研究所,2020.|
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