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"No Pain No Gain": Evidence from a Parcel-Wise Brain Morphometry Study on the Volitional Quality of Elite Athletes
Wei, Gaoxia1,2,3; Si, Ruoguang4; Li, Youfa5; Yao, Ying1,3; Chen, Lizhen1,3; Zhang, Shu1,3; Huang, Tao6; Zou, Liye7; Li, Chunxiao8; Perrey, Stephane9
2020-07-01
Source PublicationBRAIN SCIENCES
Volume10Issue:7Pages:12
Abstract

Volition is described as a psychological construct with great emphasis on the sense of agency. During volitional behavior, an individual always presents a volitional quality, an intrapersonal trait for dealing with adverse circumstances, which determines the individual's persistence of action toward their intentions or goals. Elite athletes are a group of experts with superior volitional quality and, thereby, could be regarded as the natural subject pool to investigate this mental trait. The purpose of this study was to examine brain morphometric characteristics associated with volitional quality by using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and the Scale of Volitional Quality. We recruited 16 national-level athletes engaged in short track speed skating and 18 healthy controls matched with age and gender. A comparison of a parcel-wise brain anatomical characteristics of the healthy controls with those of the elite athletes revealed three regions with significantly increased cortical thickness in the athlete group. These regions included the left precuneus, the left inferior parietal lobe, and the right superior frontal lobe, which are the core brain regions involved in the sense of agency. The mean cortical thickness of the left inferior parietal lobe was significantly correlated with the independence of volitional quality (a mental trait that characterizes one's intendency to control his/her own behavior and make decisions by applying internal standards and/or objective criteria). These findings suggest that sports training is an ideal model for better understanding the neural mechanisms of volitional behavior in the human brain.

Keywordvolition brain structure sense of agency sport MRI
DOI10.3390/brainsci10070459
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology ; Open Research Fund of the CAS Key Laboratory of Behavioral Science, Institute of Psychology
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[31671163] ; CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology[KLMH2011ZK07] ; Open Research Fund of the CAS Key Laboratory of Behavioral Science, Institute of Psychology
WOS Research AreaNeurosciences & Neurology
WOS SubjectNeurosciences
WOS IDWOS:000556424100001
PublisherMDPI
WOS KeywordHUMAN CEREBRAL-CORTEX ; CORTICAL THICKNESS ; GEOMETRICALLY ACCURATE ; MENTAL TOUGHNESS ; DECISION-MAKING ; EXERCISE ; SEGMENTATION ; SYSTEM ; VOLUME ; SPORT
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/32376
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorWei, Gaoxia
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
4.Cardiff Univ, CUBRIC, Maindy Rd, Cardiff CF24 4HQ, Wales
5.Beijing Normal Univ, Collaborat Innovat Ctr Assessment Basic Educ Qual, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
6.Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Dept Phys Educ, Shanghai 200030, Peoples R China
7.Shenzhen Univ, Dept Psychol, Shenzhen 518061, Peoples R China
8.South China Normal Univ, Sch Phys Educ & Sports Sci, Guangzhou 510006, Peoples R China
9.Univ Montpellier, IMT Mines Ales, EuroMov Digital Hlth Mot, F-34090 Montpellier, France
First Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS;  Key Laboratory of Behavioral Science, CAS
Corresponding Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS;  Key Laboratory of Behavioral Science, CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wei, Gaoxia,Si, Ruoguang,Li, Youfa,et al. "No Pain No Gain": Evidence from a Parcel-Wise Brain Morphometry Study on the Volitional Quality of Elite Athletes[J]. BRAIN SCIENCES,2020,10(7):12.
APA Wei, Gaoxia.,Si, Ruoguang.,Li, Youfa.,Yao, Ying.,Chen, Lizhen.,...&Perrey, Stephane.(2020)."No Pain No Gain": Evidence from a Parcel-Wise Brain Morphometry Study on the Volitional Quality of Elite Athletes.BRAIN SCIENCES,10(7),12.
MLA Wei, Gaoxia,et al.""No Pain No Gain": Evidence from a Parcel-Wise Brain Morphometry Study on the Volitional Quality of Elite Athletes".BRAIN SCIENCES 10.7(2020):12.
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