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Mental Health and Work Attitudes among People Resuming Work during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Study in China
Song, Lili1,2; Wang, Yong1,2; Li, ZhengLin3; Yang, Ying2,4; Li, Hao5,6
First AuthorSong, Lili
Correspondent Emailsongll@psych.ac.cn ; yangying19@psych.ac.cn
2020-07-01
Source PublicationINTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH
ISSN1660-4601
Subtypearticle
Volume17Issue:14Pages:15
QuartileQ1
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

The unprecedented outbreak of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused an economic downturn and increased the unemployment rate in China. In this context, employees face health and social economic stressors. To assess their mental health (i.e., anxiety, depression, insomnia and somatization) and work attitudes (i.e., work engagement, job satisfaction and turnover intention) as well as the associated factors, we conducted a cross-sectional study among people who resumed work after the Spring Festival holiday during the COVID-19 pandemic. The results show that the prevalence of anxiety, depression, insomnia and somatization among these people was 12.7%, 13.5%, 20.7% and 6.6%, respectively. The major risk factor for mental health was worrying about unemployment, and the main protective factors were psychological strengths (i.e., resilience and optimism). Regarding work attitudes, the percentage of people who felt more satisfied with their job (43.8%) was larger than that of those who felt less satisfied (26.9%), while the percentage of people who thought about quitting their job more frequently (15.7%) was smaller than that of those who considered it less frequently (63.2%). However, work engagement was lower than usual. Similar to the factors associated with mental health, the major risk factor for work attitudes was also worrying about unemployment, and the main protective factors were resilience and optimism. In addition, the nature of the organization, job status, age, position and income changes were also related to these work attitudes. Our findings shed light on the need for organization administrators to be aware of the status of and factors associated with employees' mental health and work attitudes during the COVID-19 pandemic. Policies or interventions could be developed based on our findings.

KeywordCOVID-19 resume work mental health work attitudes work engagement job satisfaction turnover intention employees
DOI10.3390/ijerph17145059
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[71672186]
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology ; Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences ; Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
WOS IDWOS:000557418100001
PublisherMDPI
WOS KeywordLIFE SATISFACTION ; IMPACT ; OPTIMISM ; RESILIENCE ; RESOURCES ; EMPLOYEES ; DISTRESS ; ENGAGEMENT ; BEHAVIORS ; WORKPLACE
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/32403
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorWang, Yong
Affiliation1.Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
3.Capital Normal Univ, Sch Psychol, Beijing 100037, Peoples R China
4.Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
5.Tibet Univ, Plateau Ctr Brain Sci, Lasa 850000, Peoples R China
6.Tibet Univ, Sch Med, Lasa 850000, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Corresponding Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Song, Lili,Wang, Yong,Li, ZhengLin,et al. Mental Health and Work Attitudes among People Resuming Work during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Study in China[J]. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH,2020,17(14):15.
APA Song, Lili,Wang, Yong,Li, ZhengLin,Yang, Ying,&Li, Hao.(2020).Mental Health and Work Attitudes among People Resuming Work during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Study in China.INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH,17(14),15.
MLA Song, Lili,et al."Mental Health and Work Attitudes among People Resuming Work during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Study in China".INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH 17.14(2020):15.
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