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The linkage between first-hand pain sensitivity and empathy for others' pain: Attention matters
Li, Xiaoyun1; Liu, Yang1; Ye, Qian1; Lu, Xuejing3; Peng, Weiwei1,2
First AuthorLi, Xiaoyun
Correspondent Emailww.peng0923@gmail.com
2020-08-06
Source PublicationHUMAN BRAIN MAPPING
ISSN1065-9471
Subtypearticle
Pages14
Contribution Rank3
Abstract

Many studies suggested shared psychological and neural representations for first-hand physical pain and empathy for others' pain, both of which depend strongly upon top-down controlled mechanisms such as attention. This study aimed to assess the interindividual variation in first-hand physical pain and empathy for pain, and whether their relationship is dependent upon attention. We recruited participants exhibiting high and low sensitivity to first-hand pain (HPS and LPS), and adopted pain empathy paradigms involving attention directed toward or withdrawn from pain of another. Relative to the LPS group, participants in the HPS group estimated greater pain intensity experienced by others, felt greater unpleasantness when viewing others in pain, and exhibited greater sensitivity in discriminating others' pain. Electroencephalographic data showed that when attention was directed toward others' pain, only participants in the HPS group exhibited significant pain empathic effects on the N1 component of event-related potentials and on the alpha-oscillation response. These empathic neural responses mediated the linkage between first-hand pain sensitivity and empathic behavioral responses. Nevertheless, empathic responses were comparable between two groups when attention was withdrawn from others' pain. These results demonstrate a shared sensitivity to first-hand pain and empathy for pain provided that attention is directed toward pain.

Keywordattention empathy for pain event-related potentials (ERPs) first-hand pain alpha-oscillation
DOI10.1002/hbm.25160
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; Features Innovative Projects of Guangdong Province Ordinary University ; Shenzhen Basic Research Project
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[31871127] ; Features Innovative Projects of Guangdong Province Ordinary University[2019KTSCX149] ; Shenzhen Basic Research Project[JCYJ20190808154413592]
WOS Research AreaNeurosciences & Neurology ; Radiology, Nuclear Medicine & Medical Imaging
WOS SubjectNeurosciences ; Neuroimaging ; Radiology, Nuclear Medicine & Medical Imaging
WOS IDWOS:000556025300001
PublisherWILEY
WOS KeywordALPHA OSCILLATIONS ; PLACEBO ANALGESIA ; NEURAL PROCESSES ; MODULATION ; EMOTION ; BRAIN ; EEG ; DISSOCIATION ; PERCEPTION ; RESPONSES
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/32406
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorPeng, Weiwei
Affiliation1.Shenzhen Univ, Sch Psychol, Nanhai Ave 3688, Shenzhen 518060, Guangdong, Peoples R China
2.Shenzhen Univ, Shenzhen Key Lab Affect & Social Cognit Sci, Shenzhen, Guangdong, Peoples R China
3.Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Li, Xiaoyun,Liu, Yang,Ye, Qian,et al. The linkage between first-hand pain sensitivity and empathy for others' pain: Attention matters[J]. HUMAN BRAIN MAPPING,2020:14.
APA Li, Xiaoyun,Liu, Yang,Ye, Qian,Lu, Xuejing,&Peng, Weiwei.(2020).The linkage between first-hand pain sensitivity and empathy for others' pain: Attention matters.HUMAN BRAIN MAPPING,14.
MLA Li, Xiaoyun,et al."The linkage between first-hand pain sensitivity and empathy for others' pain: Attention matters".HUMAN BRAIN MAPPING (2020):14.
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