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General learning ability in perceptual learning
Yang, Jia1,2; Yan, Fang-Fang1,2; Chen, Lijun1,2; Xi, Jie1,2; Fan, Shuhan1,2; Zhang, Pan3,4; Lu, Zhong-Lin3,4,5,6; Huang, Chang-Bing1,2
First AuthorYang, Jia
Correspondent Emailzhonglin@nyu.edu ; huangcb@psych.ac.cn
2020-08-11
Source PublicationPROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
ISSN0027-8424
Subtypearticle
Volume117Issue:32Pages:19092-19100
QuartileQ1
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

Developing expertise in any field usually requires acquisition of a wide range of skills. Most current studies on perceptual learning have focused on a single task and concluded that learning is quite specific to the trained task, and the ubiquitous individual differences reflect random fluctuations across subjects. Whether there exists a general learning ability that determines individual learning performance across multiple tasks remains largely unknown. In a large-scale perceptual learning study with a wide range of training tasks, we found that initial performance, task, and individual differences all contributed significantly to the learning rates across the tasks. Most importantly, we were able to extract both a task-specific but subject-invariant component of learning, that accounted for 38.6% of the variance, and a subject-specific but task-invariant perceptual learning ability, that accounted for 36.8% of the variance. The existence of a general perceptual learning ability across multiple tasks suggests that individual differences in perceptual learning are not "noise"; rather, they reflect the variability of learning ability across individuals. These results could have important implications for selecting potential trainees in occupations that require perceptual expertise and designing better training protocols to improve the efficiency of clinical rehabilitation.

Keywordperceptual learning multitask continual learning general learning ability individual difference
DOI10.1073/pnas.2002903117
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Key Research and Development Program of China ; Scientific Instrument Developing Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Natural Science Foundation of China ; Scientific Foundation of Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; National Eye Institute
Funding ProjectNational Key Research and Development Program of China[2020YFC2003800] ; Scientific Instrument Developing Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[ZDKYYQ20200005] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[NSFC31470983] ; Scientific Foundation of Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences[Y7CX332008] ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation[2018M641514] ; National Eye Institute[EY017491]
WOS Research AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics
WOS SubjectMultidisciplinary Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000562378600004
PublisherNATL ACAD SCIENCES
WOS KeywordFALSE DISCOVERY RATE ; INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES ; ENVIRONMENTAL CONTRIBUTIONS ; CORTICAL THICKNESS ; INTELLIGENCE ; ATTENTION ; BEHAVIOR ; CORTEX
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/32512
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorLu, Zhong-Lin; Huang, Chang-Bing
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
3.NYU, Ctr Neural Sci, New York, NY 10003 USA
4.NYU, Dept Psychol, 6 Washington Pl, New York, NY 10003 USA
5.New York Univ Shanghai, Div Arts & Sci, Shanghai 200122, Peoples R China
6.New York Univ Shanghai, NYU ECNU Inst Brain & Cognit Sci, Shanghai 200062, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Behavioral Science, CAS
Corresponding Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Behavioral Science, CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yang, Jia,Yan, Fang-Fang,Chen, Lijun,et al. General learning ability in perceptual learning[J]. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,2020,117(32):19092-19100.
APA Yang, Jia.,Yan, Fang-Fang.,Chen, Lijun.,Xi, Jie.,Fan, Shuhan.,...&Huang, Chang-Bing.(2020).General learning ability in perceptual learning.PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,117(32),19092-19100.
MLA Yang, Jia,et al."General learning ability in perceptual learning".PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 117.32(2020):19092-19100.
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