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适应性促进大都市移居者的个体主义
Alternative TitleAdaption Promotes Individualism of Cosmopolitan City Settlers
苏晨洁1,2; 向媛媛1,2; 任孝鹏1,2; 韦庆旺3,4
First Author苏晨洁
Correspondent Emailrenxp@psych.ac.cn ; wqwmickey@126.com
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

目的:检验适应性对于大都市移居者个体主义的影响。方法:以Singelis的自我建构量表、归因任务和"亲亲性"的内隐文化任务作为研究工具,通过问卷调查法收集了112个来自于中国地级市及以下地区的居民样本(原住地组)、120个从原住地移居到上海的居民样本(移居组)和107个上海本地样本(城市组),采用描述统计和方差分析的方法,探讨了三组样本在个体主义指标上的差异。结果:(1)城市组的独立我显著高于移居组(P=0.043)和原住地组(P=0.024),三组样本的互依我不存在显著差异(P=0.534);(2)城市组在素质归因上显著高于移居组(P=0.003)和原住地组(P=0.013);(3)城市组对陌生人的惩罚显著低于移居组(P=0.026)和原住地组(P

Other Abstract

112 native residents from prefectural-level cities in China(Rural residents), 120 immigrants from the prefectur⁃al-level cities to Shanghai(Cosmopolitan migrants) & 107 Shanghai local(Cosmopolitan residents) participated in the study. Individualism was measured by Singelis’self-construction scale, attribution tasks and loyalty/nepotism tasks. Results: (1) Cosmopolitan residents were more independent than cosmopolitan migrants(P =0.043) and rural residents(P =0.024), while there was no difference on interdependent self among three groups(P =0.534 ); (2)Cosmopolitan residents were stronger in dispositional bias in attribution than cosmopolitan migrants(P =0.003) and rural residents(P =0.013); (3)Cosmopolitan resi⁃dents were less in-group favorite than cosmopolitan migrants(P =0.026) and rural residents(P <0.001) on dishonest condition. And cosmopolitan migrants were less in-group favorite than rural residents(P =0.001) on dishonest condition. There were no differences on honest condition. Conclusion: (1)Cosmopolitan residents are more individualistic than rural residents. (2) Adaption to cosmopolitan city promote migrants to be more individualistic which is moderated by condition. Cosmopolitan migrants behave more like cosmopolitan residents except for explicit beliefs and dispositional bias.

Keyword个体主义 集体主义 大都市移居者 适应性
2019
Language中文
DOI10.16128/j.cnki.1005-3611.2019.06.035
Source Publication中国临床心理学杂志
ISSN1005-3611
Volume27Issue:06Pages:1251-1255
Subtype期刊论文
Indexed ByCSCD
Project Intro.

中国人民大学中央高校建设世界一流大学(学科)和特色发展引导专项资金(RUCPSY0009)资助

CSCD IDCSCD:6630206
Citation statistics
Cited Times:1[CSCD]   [CSCD Record]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/32556
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Affiliation1.中国科学院心理研究所行为科学重点实验室
2.中国科学院大学心理学系
3.中国人民大学心理学系
4.中国人民大学心理学系实验室
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
苏晨洁,向媛媛,任孝鹏,等. 适应性促进大都市移居者的个体主义[J]. 中国临床心理学杂志,2019,27(06):1251-1255.
APA 苏晨洁,向媛媛,任孝鹏,&韦庆旺.(2019).适应性促进大都市移居者的个体主义.中国临床心理学杂志,27(06),1251-1255.
MLA 苏晨洁,et al."适应性促进大都市移居者的个体主义".中国临床心理学杂志 27.06(2019):1251-1255.
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