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焦虑障碍患者童年创伤经历与成人依恋的关系
Alternative TitleRelationship between childhood traumatic experience and adult attachment in patients with anxiety disorder
胡岳1,2,3; 张玉婷1,2; 陈毅文1,2
First Author胡岳
Correspondent Emailchenyw@psych.ac.cn
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

目的:探讨焦虑障碍患者童年创伤经历与成人依恋之间的关系。方法:选取某精神专科医院住院及门诊焦虑障碍患者166人(焦虑障碍组)和专科医院及综合医院医务人员292人(对照组),运用儿童期创伤问卷(CTQ)、亲密关系体验问卷(ECR)进行测评。结果:焦虑障碍组的CTQ总分及各维度得分、ECR依恋回避及依恋焦虑维度得分均高于对照组(均P <0.05)。结论:童年创伤经历中的情感忽视与躯体忽视是依恋回避与焦虑出现的危险因素,创伤经历对成人依恋的影响存在组别差异。

Other Abstract

To explore the relationship between childhood traumatic; experience and adult attachment in patients with anxiety disorder. Methods: Totally 166 patients with anxiety disorders(anxiety disorder group) from the inpatient and outpatient department of a special mental hospital and 292 medical staff (control group) from specialized hospital and general hospital were selected. The Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) and the Experiences in Close Relationships inventory (ECR) were assessed. Results: The total scores and each factor scores of CTQ, and the scores of attachment avoidance and attachment anxiety of ECR were higher in the anxiety disorder group than in the control group (Ps<0. 01)Regression analysis results showed that in all subjects (n=458), the total CTQ score positively predicted the scores of attachment avoidance and attachment anxiety (β=0. 67,0.66 ,Ps<0.01),and in patients with anxiety disorder , the sexual abuse scores positively predicted attachment avoidance ( β=0.14, P<0. 05) and the physical neglect scores positively predicted attachment anxiety (β=0.21,P<0.05 ) . Conclusion: Emotional neglect and physical neglect in childhood traumatic; experience may he a risk factor for attachment avoidance and anxiety,and there are group differences in the effect of traumatic experience on adult attachent.

Keyword童年创伤 成人依恋 焦虑障碍
2020
Language中文
DOI10.3969/j.issn.1000-6729.2020.9.002
Source Publication中国心理卫生杂志
ISSN1000-6729
Volume34Issue:09Pages:729-735
Subtype期刊论文
Indexed ByCSCD
CSCD IDCSCD:CSCD
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/32734
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Affiliation1.中国科学院行为科学重点实验室中国科学院心理研究所
2.中国科学院大学心理学系
3.秦皇岛市九龙山医院心理科
First Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Behavioral Science, CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
胡岳,张玉婷,陈毅文. 焦虑障碍患者童年创伤经历与成人依恋的关系[J]. 中国心理卫生杂志,2020,34(09):729-735.
APA 胡岳,张玉婷,&陈毅文.(2020).焦虑障碍患者童年创伤经历与成人依恋的关系.中国心理卫生杂志,34(09),729-735.
MLA 胡岳,et al."焦虑障碍患者童年创伤经历与成人依恋的关系".中国心理卫生杂志 34.09(2020):729-735.
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