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Alternative TitleThe sense of agency and the attribution of responsibility in human behavior
顾晶金1,2; 赵科1,2; 傅小兰1,2
First Author顾晶金
Correspondent ;
Contribution Rank1


Other Abstract

The sense of agency refers to subjective experience of controlling external environment through voluntary actions. When individuals interact with the outside world through their behaviors, the feeling of “I am the initiator of this action” may induce a self-attributed responsibility. Moreover, a sense of agency may allow individuals to choose between different options by predicting their consequences. Therefore, the ability to control one’s own behavior can be used as an index for responsibility attribution in moral and legal fields. Here, we review the factors influencing sense of agency and responsibility attribution. Some empirical studies highlight the intention of actions and the value of outcomes. The intention is a prerequisite for sense of agency and responsibility, and the characteristics of subsequent events affect how we perceive our behaviors. Other studies support the internal comparator model, which suggests that the match between prediction based on efferent copy of motor command and actual sensory feedback is the premise of sense of agency. In joint actions, the generation and level of sense of agency and responsibility are related to group identity, social status and other factors. When two individuals cooperate as equals in the management of an event, the new identity of “we” is a force that results in a sense of control over their partners’ behavior. But participating as a follower in the teamwork, being in the presence of another agent (even if it has no causal effect on the outcome) will lead to a reduction in or disappearance of the sense of agency. The fundamental assumption of law is that individuals have the ability to control their own behaviors and are responsible for their actions and the consequences of those actions. Following this supposition, the factors that affect sense of agency can also have effect on the responsibility attribution. The level of sense of agency can be used to explain sentences pardoned or commuted. Therefore, disorders of brain activities could be taken into account by the court in sentencing. Neuroimaging studies have highlighted the role of fronto-parietal network, including pre-supplementary motor area (pre-SMA), posterior parietal cortex (PPC), temporo-parietal junction (TPJ), dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) and etc. One possible mechanism may be that the frontal cortex generates the action signals of selection, intent and initiation, while the parietal lobe, acting as a comparator model, monitors and compares these signals with the actual feedbacks. The TPJ and DLPFC play important roles in self-referential processing and the theory of mind task, and are also involved in the judgement of moral and criminal responsibility. Future investigations need to explore the activation patterns and functional connectivity of these brain regions under different levels of sense of agency and responsibility, to qualify and quantify the levels of individuals’ control over their behaviors.

Keyword主动控制感 责任归属 意图绑定 行为控制 动作意图
Source Publication科学通报
Project Intro.

国家重点研发计划(2017YFC0822501,2018AAA0100205);; 国家自然科学基金中德合作项目(61621136008);; 国家社会科学基金重大项目(19ZDA363);; 国家自然科学基金(31400876)资助

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Cited Times:2[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
First Author Affilication脑与认知科学国家重点实验室
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
顾晶金,赵科,傅小兰. 行为中的主动控制感与责任归属[J]. 科学通报,2020,65(19):1902-1911.
APA 顾晶金,赵科,&傅小兰.(2020).行为中的主动控制感与责任归属.科学通报,65(19),1902-1911.
MLA 顾晶金,et al."行为中的主动控制感与责任归属".科学通报 65.19(2020):1902-1911.
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行为中的主动控制感与责任归属.pdf(1498KB)期刊论文出版稿限制开放CC BY-NC-SAApplication Full Text
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