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The relationship between PTSD and depressive symptoms among children after a natural disaster: A 2-year longitudinal study
Cheng, Jin1,2; Liang, Yiming2,3; Fu, Lin2,3; Liu, Zhengkui2
First AuthorCheng, Jin
Correspondent Emailliuzk@psych.ac.cn (z. liu)
Contribution Rank2
Abstract

This study examined the relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depressive symptoms among children who survived the Lushan earthquake. Three hundred thirty-three children (154 males, 179 females) were assessed for acute stress disorder (ASD) and depressive symptoms at 2 weeks (T1), and their PTSD and depressive symptoms were recorded at 1.5 (T2), 6 (T3), 12 (T4) and 24 (T5) months after the earthquake. The results showed that ASD predicted PTSD and depressive symptoms from T1 to T2, and PTSD symptoms predicted depressive symptoms from T2 to T5, but not vice versa. Depressive symptoms predicted avoidance from T1 to T5; in turn, avoidance predicted depressive symptoms from T3 to T5. Hyperarousal and intrusive symptoms had an effect on depressive symptoms between T1 and T2, and depressive symptoms predicted hyperarousal and intrusion from T2 to T3; after 12 months they did not significantly predict each other. The results suggest that PTSD symptoms generally precede depressive symptoms, and that hyperarousal and intrusive symptoms are major symptoms of PTSD soon after trauma events, while avoidance symptoms are major symptoms of PTSD late after trauma events. The relationship between PTSD and depressive symptoms mostly fits the interactive model.

KeywordPTSD Depression Children Earthquake Longitudinal Cross-lagged analysis
2020-10-01
Language英语
DOI10.1016/j.psychres.2020.113296
Source PublicationPSYCHIATRY RESEARCH
ISSN0165-1781
Volume292Pages:7
Subtype实证研究
Indexed BySCI
Funding ProjectPioneer Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the Feature Institutes Program[TSS-2015-06] ; Consulting and Appraising Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[Y7CX134003] ; Fundamental Research Funds for Central Universities, Beijing Sport University[BSU2020035]
PublisherELSEVIER IRELAND LTD
WOS KeywordPOSTTRAUMATIC-STRESS-DISORDER ; WENCHUAN EARTHQUAKE ; ADOLESCENT VICTIMS ; FIT INDEXES ; COMORBIDITY ; PREVALENCE ; PREDICTORS ; SURVIVORS ; GENDER ; SYMPTOMATOLOGY
WOS Research AreaPsychiatry
WOS SubjectPsychiatry
WOS IDWOS:000576070300041
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/32947
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorLiu, Zhengkui
Affiliation1.Beijing Sport Univ, Sch Psychol, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China
2.Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Mental Hlth, 16 Lincui Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Corresponding Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Cheng, Jin,Liang, Yiming,Fu, Lin,et al. The relationship between PTSD and depressive symptoms among children after a natural disaster: A 2-year longitudinal study[J]. PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH,2020,292:7.
APA Cheng, Jin,Liang, Yiming,Fu, Lin,&Liu, Zhengkui.(2020).The relationship between PTSD and depressive symptoms among children after a natural disaster: A 2-year longitudinal study.PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH,292,7.
MLA Cheng, Jin,et al."The relationship between PTSD and depressive symptoms among children after a natural disaster: A 2-year longitudinal study".PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH 292(2020):7.
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