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Social Cognitive Dysfunction in Elderly Patients After Anesthesia and Surgery
Zhang, Delin1; Ying, Jun2; Ma, Xiaochi3; Gao, Zaifeng3; Chen, Hanjian2; Zhu, Shengmei2; Shi, Liping2; Lu, Xiqian4
First AuthorZhang, Delin
Correspondent Emailxiaochima@zju.edu.cn (xiaochi ma ) ; lu_xq@zju.edu.cn (xiqian lu )
Contribution Rank4
Abstract

Extensive studies have revealed that cognitive processing was impaired after anesthesia and surgery, particularly for the elderly patients. However, most of the existing studies focused on the general cognitive deficits (e.g., delayed neuro-cognitive recovery and POCD). Although diagnosis of social abilities has been used in various clinical fields, few studies have investigated the potential deficit on social cognition after anesthesia and surgery. The current study examined whether there was any social cognitive dysfunction after anesthesia and surgery. We achieved this by taking biological motion (BM) as the stimuli of interest, the perception of which has been taken as the hallmark of social cognition. The elderly patients (aged >= 60 years) were required to judge whether an upright BM stimulus appeared among the dynamic noises to test their social cognition, as well as do a Mini-Mental State Examination to test their general cognition. The two tests were performed at both 1-day before and 7-day after the surgery. Results showed that 31.25% of patients exhibited BM perception deficit after anesthesia and surgery relative to before anesthesia and surgery, implying that social cognitive dysfunction existed. Meanwhile, social cognitive dysfunction was independent from delayed neurocognitive recovery.

Keywordsocial cognition biological motion holistic processing anesthesia and surgery delayed neurocognitive recovery
2020-09-24
Language英语
DOI10.3389/fpsyg.2020.541161
Source PublicationFRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN1664-1078
Volume11Pages:9
Subtype实证研究
Indexed BySCI
Funding ProjectKey Program of Natural Science Foundation of Zhejiang Province, China[LZ20C090001] ; Basic Public Welfare Project of Zhejiang Province, China[LGF19H090023] ; Medical and Health Science and Technology Project of Zhejiang Province, China[2017KY352] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[81471171] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[31771202] ; MOE Project of Humanities and Social Sciences[17YJA190005]
PublisherFRONTIERS MEDIA SA
WOS KeywordMINI-MENTAL STATE ; BIOLOGICAL-MOTION ; WORKING-MEMORY ; PRACTICAL METHOD ; PERCEPTION ; BRAIN ; ORIENTATION ; RECOGNITION ; INVERSION
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000575858900001
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/32950
Collection认知与发展心理学研究室
Corresponding AuthorMa, Xiaochi; Lu, Xiqian
Affiliation1.Zhejiang Univ, Dept Anesthesiol, Affiliated Hosp 1, Sch Med, Hangzhou, Peoples R China
2.Zhejiang Univ, Dept Gynaecol, Affiliated Hosp 1, Sch Med, Hangzhou, Peoples R China
3.Zhejiang Univ, Dept Psychol & Behav Sci, Hangzhou, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
Corresponding Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhang, Delin,Ying, Jun,Ma, Xiaochi,et al. Social Cognitive Dysfunction in Elderly Patients After Anesthesia and Surgery[J]. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,2020,11:9.
APA Zhang, Delin.,Ying, Jun.,Ma, Xiaochi.,Gao, Zaifeng.,Chen, Hanjian.,...&Lu, Xiqian.(2020).Social Cognitive Dysfunction in Elderly Patients After Anesthesia and Surgery.FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,11,9.
MLA Zhang, Delin,et al."Social Cognitive Dysfunction in Elderly Patients After Anesthesia and Surgery".FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY 11(2020):9.
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