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Effects of the Presence and Behavior of In-Group and Out-Group Strangers on Moral Hypocrisy
Bian,Junfeng1,2,3; Li,Liang4; Xia,Xuan5; Fu,Xiaolan2,3
First AuthorBian, Junfeng
Contribution Rank2
AbstractMoral hypocrisy (MH) occurs when people fail to practice what they preach. Despite the prevalence of the effect of social identity on an individual's MH, few empirical studies have explored contextual factors that may help reduce MH. By conducting two experiments based on the research paradigm of real stranger presence, we examined how in-group and out-group strangers' presence and moral behavior may contribute to reducing MH. The results of experiment 1 demonstrated that compared with the presence of out-group strangers, the presence of in-group strangers could effectively inhibit MH (no significant difference between participants reported and actual donation proportions was obtained). The results of experiment 2 replicated and extended the results of experiment 1, first by showing that the presence of in-group strangers could effectively inhibit MH and then by revealing the influence of present strangers' behavior (moral or hypocritical) on MH. The results indicated that strangers' moral behavior could effectively eliminate participants' MH, especially in the presence of in-group strangers. However, when present strangers exhibited hypocritical behavior, they exhibited no effect on participants' MH, irrespective of the condition of in-group and out-group strangers. The current study provides empirical support for theories related to MH and moral decision-making and contributes to the literature on in-group and out-group effects on MH and decision-making.
Keywordmoral hypocrisy in-group out-group moral behavior hypocritical behavior
Indexed BySCI
Funding ProjectNational Key Research and Development Project[2018AAA0100205] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[61621136008] ; National Social Science Foundation[19ZDA363] ; Social Sciences Achievement Review Committee Project of Hunan Province[XSP20YBC034]
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000576203600001
WoS QuartileQ2
Gender男 ; 女
Age Group青年(18岁-29岁) ; 青春期(13岁-17岁)
Number of ParticipantsExperiment1:93 ,Experiment2:164
Tests and Measuresparadigm of real stranger presence ;Donation scenario
Dependent variablesreport donation;actual donation;moral hypocrisy (MH)
Statistical MethodIndependent t-test;Repeated ANOVA
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Affiliation1.Changsha Univ Sci & Technol, Res Ctr Social Governance Innovat, Changsha, Peoples R China;
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China;
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China;
4.Hunan Prov Bur Stat, Changsha, Peoples R China;
5.Hunan Univ Technol & Business, Changsha, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Bian,Junfeng,Li,Liang,Xia,Xuan,et al. Effects of the Presence and Behavior of In-Group and Out-Group Strangers on Moral Hypocrisy[J]. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,2020,11:9.
APA Bian,Junfeng,Li,Liang,Xia,Xuan,&Fu,Xiaolan.(2020).Effects of the Presence and Behavior of In-Group and Out-Group Strangers on Moral Hypocrisy.FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,11,9.
MLA Bian,Junfeng,et al."Effects of the Presence and Behavior of In-Group and Out-Group Strangers on Moral Hypocrisy".FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY 11(2020):9.
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